Fisheries and Resources Monitoring System

Jumbo flying squid - Southeast Pacific
Fact Sheet Title  Fact Sheet
Stock status report 2023
Jumbo flying squid - Southeast Pacific
Fact Sheet Citation  
Jumbo Giant Squid
Owned bySouth Pacific Regional Fisheries Management Organisation (SPRFMO) – ownership
Monitoring Range Min1990.
ident Blockident Blockdisplay tree map
Species List:
Species Ref: en - Jumbo flying squid, fr - Encornet géant, es - Jibia gigante, ru - Кальмар Гумбольдта (=кальмар гигантский)

Fishery Indicators
Production: Catch
ident Block Jumbo flying squid - Southeast Pacific
Aq Res
Biological Stock: No         Value: Regional
Management unit: Yes        Reference year: 2021
Aq Res State Trend
Aq Res State Trend
Aq Res State Trend
Aq Res State TrendUncertain/Not assessed
Aq Res State TrendUncertain/Not assessed
Aq Res State Trend
Aq Res State TrendMaximally sustainably fished

There remain significant uncertainties associated with the status of the stock(s) in the South-east Pacific. 
Habitat Bio
Climatic Zone: Temperate.   Horizontal Dist: Oceanic.   Vertical Dist: Pelagic.  

Geo Dist
Geo Dist: Straddling between High Seas and EEZ

Water Area Overview
Spatial Scale: Regional

Water Area Overview
Aq Res Struct
Biological Stock: No

Dosidicus gigas is the largest ommastrephid squid and occurs only within the Eastern Pacific Ocean from northern California to southern Chile. Within the equatorial area the range is stretched westward as a strip, narrowing to the west and reaching 140˚ W. D. gigas supports a major fishery off Chile, Peru and the Gulf of California, with combined cephalopod landings of 1 078 436 tonnes in 2014. D. gigas is monocyclic and dies after spawning, therefore populations are highly variable. The abundance of D. gigas is thought to be largely influenced by environmental variables such as ENSO events. During El Niño years populations have decreased and landings have reflected this by declining sharply. 

As described in SC6-SQ01.

Southeast Pacific SPRFMO high seas jumbo flying squid fishery
Fishery Indicators
TypeMeasureValueUnitTime period
ProductionCatch 12653tonnes1990
Catch 108736tonnes1991
Catch 211855tonnes1992
Catch 266484tonnes1993
Catch 364044tonnes1994
Catch 181389tonnes1995
Catch 22237tonnes1996
Catch 32641tonnes1997
Catch 552tonnes1998
Catch 74432tonnes1999
Catch 108504tonnes2000
Catch 171078tonnes2001
Catch 296531tonnes2002
Catch 304708tonnes2003
Catch 728339tonnes2004
Catch 694221tonnes2005
Catch 737218tonnes2006
Catch 613130tonnes2007
Catch 795585tonnes2008
Catch 557460tonnes2009
Catch 756460tonnes2010
Catch 861053tonnes2011
Catch 925914tonnes2012
Catch 834780tonnes2013
Catch 1078436tonnes2014
Catch 996983tonnes2015
Catch 747995tonnes2016
Catch 758577tonnes2017
Catch 816914tonnes2018
Catch 900027tonnes2019
Catch 910080tonnes2020
Catch 477970tonnes2021
Bio Assess
Uncertainty: High

No agreed stock assessment.
Management unit: Yes

Managed under CMM18.
SPRFMO. 2023. COMM11–Inf01_rev2, Catch data submitted to the SPRFMO Secretariat. Eleventh meeting of the Commission, Manta, Ecuador, 13-17 February 2023.  Click to open
SPRFMO. 2022. Report of the tenth meeting of the Scientific Committee, Seoul, Korea, 26-30 September 2022.  Click to open
SPRFMO. 2022. SC10-SQ01_rev2, Squid information held by the Secretariat. Tenth meeting of the Scientific Committee, Seoul, Korea, 26-30 September 2022.  Click to open
SPRFMO Conservation and Management Measures.  Click to open
All references to figures, tables and bibliography in the text are found within the source of information.
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