Fisheries and Resources Monitoring System

Jumbo flying squid - Southeast Pacific
Marine Resource  Fact Sheet
Stock status report 2018
Jumbo flying squid - Southeast Pacific
Fact Sheet Citation  
Jumbo Giant Squid
Owned bySouth Pacific Regional Fisheries Management Organisation (SPRFMO) – More
Monitoring periodThis marine resource is reported in FIRMS from 1990.
Related observationsLocate in inventorydisplay tree map
FAO Names: en - Jumbo flying squid, fr - Encornet géant, es - Jibia gigante, ru - Кальмар Гумбольдта (=кальмар гигантский)

Fishery Indicators
Production: Catch
Geographic extent of Jumbo flying squid - Southeast Pacific
Main Descriptors
Considered a single stock: No        Spatial Scale: Regional
Management unit: Yes        Reference year: 2016
Biological State and Trend
State & Trend Descriptors
Exploitation rateUncertain/Not assessed
Abundance levelUncertain/Not assessed
FAO Categories
Exploitation stateMaximally sustainably fished

There remain significant uncertainties associated with the status of the stock(s) in the South-east Pacific. 
Habitat and Biology
Climatic zone: Temperate.   Horizontal distribution: Oceanic.   Vertical distribution: Pelagic.  

Geographical Distribution
Jurisdictional distribution: Straddling between High Seas and EEZ

Water Area Overview
Spatial Scale: Regional

Geo References
Resource Structure
Considered a single stock: No

Dosidicus gigas is the largest ommastrephid squid and occurs only within the Eastern Pacific Ocean from northern California to southern Chile. Within the equatorial area the range is stretched westward as a strip, narrowing to the west and reaching 140˚ W. D. gigas supports a major fishery off Chile, Peru and the Gulf of California, with combined cephalopod landings of 1 078 436 tonnes in 2014. D. gigas is monocyclic and dies after spawning, therefore populations are highly variable. The abundance of D. gigas is thought to be largely influenced by environmental variables such as ENSO events. During El Niño years populations have decreased and landings have reflected this by declining sharply. 

As described in SC6-SQ01.
Fishery Indicators
TypeMeasureValueUnitTime period
ProductionCatch 12653tonnes1990
Catch 108736tonnes1991
Catch 211855tonnes1992
Catch 266484tonnes1993
Catch 364044tonnes1994
Catch 181389tonnes1995
Catch 22237tonnes1996
Catch 32641tonnes1997
Catch 552tonnes1998
Catch 74432tonnes1999
Catch 108504tonnes2000
Catch 171078tonnes2001
Catch 296531tonnes2002
Catch 304708tonnes2003
Catch 728339tonnes2004
Catch 694221tonnes2005
Catch 737218tonnes2006
Catch 613130tonnes2007
Catch 795585tonnes2008
Catch 557460tonnes2009
Catch 756460tonnes2010
Catch 861053tonnes2011
Catch 925914tonnes2012
Catch 834780tonnes2013
Catch 1078436tonnes2014
Catch 996982tonnes2015
Level of uncertainty: High

No agreed stock assessment.
Management unit: Yes
Source of information
SPRFMO. 2018. Report of the sixth meeting of the Scientific Committee, Puerto Varas, Chile, 9-14 September 2018.  Click to open
SPRFMO. 2018. SC6-SQ01, Jumbo flying squid datasets held by the Secretariat. Puerto Varas, Chile, 9-14 September 2018.  Click to open
SPRFMO. 2007. Information describing Dosidicus gigas fisheries relating to the South Pacific Regional Fisheries Management Organisation.  Click to open
All references to figures, tables and bibliography in the text are found within the source of information.
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