Fisheries and Resources Monitoring System

Anchovy - Western part of South Adriatic Sea
Marine Resource  Fact Sheet
Stock status report 2007
Anchovy - Western part of South Adriatic Sea
Fact Sheet Citation  
Engraulis encrasicolus - Western part of South Adriatic
Owned byGeneral Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean (GFCM) – More
Monitoring periodThis marine resource is reported in FIRMS up to 2007. Subsequently monitored as: Anchovy - Southern Adriatic Sea
Related observationsLocate in inventorydisplay tree map
FAO Names: en - European anchovy, fr - Anchois, es - Boquerón, ru - Анчоус европейский
Geographic extent of Anchovy - Western part of South Adriatic Sea
Main Descriptors
Considered a single stock: No        Spatial Scale: Sub-Regional
Reference year: 2006
Biological State and Trend
State & Trend Descriptors
Exploitation rateNot applicable
Abundance levelestimated biomass at 189332 tonsIntermediate abundance
FAO Categories
Exploitation stateUncertain

For Stock abundance, the large variability in time and space is mostly attributable to environmental factors.
Habitat and Biology
Climatic zone: Temperate.   Bottom type: Unspecified.   Depth zone: Unspecified.   Horizontal distribution: Neritic.   Vertical distribution: Pelagic.  

Geographical Distribution
Jurisdictional distribution: Shared between nations

Water Area Overview
Spatial Scale: Sub-Regional

Geo References
Resource Structure
Considered a single stock: No


Information on Operational Units exploiting this resource will be soon available at the following link:
GAS18 Western Part Anchovy (Engraulis encrasicolus)

The annual echosurvey was performed in the summer season 2006 covering the western part of GSA 18. Pelagic biomass estimates, as a whole and per anchovies and sardines, were analyzed.
Assessment Model
Type:  Others
Overall Assessment Results

In this area there was an increase in biomass in the last year. Trends of the western GSA 18 (from Vieste to Brindisi, historical surveys since 1987) show an abundance level similar to that of the years 1997-2002 for total pelagic biomass after the fall of the years 2003-05; this result is mainly due to the anchovy stock that has come back to the abundance level of 5-10 years ago.

The results of the studies of small pelagic populations derived from the historical surveys in the western Adriatic Sea show that these populations are affected by large variability in time and space. This variability is mostly due to environmental factors and this is why an effort is currently in progress to find possible relations between abundance estimates and oceanographic parameters. Even if anchovy (both in Northern and Southern Adriatic) and sprat stock (in Northern Adriatic) showed good levels of abundance in 2006 survey they have just recovered from a previous worse condition; moreover sardine stock still shows a low level of abundance that is going on with continuity since 1998.

Scientific Advice

For management considerations
  • It is reasonable not to increase the actual level of fishing effort on small pelagic fish
  • SCSA endorsed the WG management advice and recommendations on anchovy (Engraulis encrasicolus) in GSA18.

For research
Fishery data should be collected
Management Advice

Scientific advices for management consideration formulated by SCSA have been adopted by SAC.
Source of information
“Stock assessment of anchovy (Engraulis encrasicolus) in the Geographical Sub-Area 18 (South-Western Adriatic Sea ). In: Report of the 8th Meeting of the Working Group on Small Pelagics.” . Leonori I., De Felice A. FAO-GFCM Athens, Greece, 13-14 September 2007 FAO Click to open

“Report of the tenth session of the SCIENTIFIC ADVISORY COMMITTEE” FAO-GFCM Nicosia, Cyprus, 22–26 October 2007 2007 FAO Click to open
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