Fisheries and Resources Monitoring System

Sardinella - Northwest Africa
Fact Sheet Title  Fact Sheet
CECAF Scientific advice 2022
Sardinella - Northwest Africa
Fact Sheet Citation  
Sardinelles (Sardinella aurita, Sardinella maderensis) - Afrique nord-occidentale
Owned byFood and Agriculture Organization (FAO) – ownership
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Species List:
ident Block Sardinella - Northwest Africa
Aq Res
Biological Stock: No         Value: Regional
Management unit: No        Reference year: 2021
Aq Res State Trend
Aq Res State Trend
Aq Res State Trend
Aq Res State TrendNot applicable
Aq Res State TrendNot applicable
Aq Res State Trend
Aq Res State TrendOverexploited
Habitat Bio
Climatic Zone: Temperate; Tropical.   Depth Zone: Coastal (0 m - 50 m); Shelf (50 m - 200 m); Slope (200 m - 1000 m).   Horizontal Dist: Neritic; Littoral.   Vertical Dist: Pelagic.  

Geo Dist
Geo Dist: Shared between nations

Water Area Overview
Spatial Scale: Regional

Water Area Overview
Aq Res Struct
Biological Stock: No

**Not including the Canary Islands.
Fishery Indicators
TypeMeasureValueUnitTime period
ProductionCatch 336000tonnes2021
Bio Assess

Assessment year: 2021
The CECAF Working Groups have adopted the following Biological Reference Points (BRPs):
- Limit Reference points: BMSY and FMSY
- Target Reference Points: B0.1 and F0.1
Stock status is assigned based on current estimates of fishing mortality (Fcur) and biomass (Bcur) relative to these target and limit reference points (Bcur/BMSY, Fcur/FMSY, Bcur/B0.1, Fcur/F0.1). The results from the stock assessment of this stock are found under the “Biological state and trend section”.
Sci Advice

The assessment and the historical series on sardinella show that the stock of round sardinella is in a critical situation marked by heavy overexploitation. The Working Group reiterates the recommendations of previous years for the management of the stock and advocates a substantial and immediate reduction in fishing effort and mortality. The Working Group cannot quantify exactly how much fishing effort should be reduced, but in view of the degraded situation of this stock, and as a precautionary approach, it proposes a reduction of at least 60 percent in mortality current exerted on this stock. As for the flat sardinella, the level of fishing mortality has been high in the last two years. In the absence of the round sardinella, it would seem that the fishing effort is directed towards the flat sardinella. Therefore, the working group also recommends the reduction of fishing effort directed towards the flat sardinella. In order to improve the state of sardinella stocks, it is recommended to prohibit their use for the manufacture of fishmeal. The Working Group also recommends that national governments assume their responsibilities with regard to the sustainable management of sardinella and launch consultations on the joint management of this fundamental resource.
Management unit: No
FAO. 2022. Meeting summary of the FAO/CECAF Working Group on the Assessment of Small Pelagic Fish off Northwest Africa. Nouakchott, Mauritania, 5-9 December 2022. CECAF/SSCIX/2022/4a.  Click to open
All references to figures, tables and bibliography in the text are found within the source of information.
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