Fisheries and Resources Monitoring System

Northwest Atlantic NAFO Flemish Cap groundfish fisheries
Fishery  Fact Sheet
Conservation and Enforcement Measures 2015
Northwest Atlantic NAFO Flemish Cap groundfish fisheries
Fact Sheet Citation  
Owned byNorthwest Atlantic Fisheries Organization (NAFO) – more>>

Overview: The fisheries are confined around the Flemish Cap which occurs entirely in the NAFO Regulatory Area.

Location of Northwest Atlantic NAFO Flemish Cap groundfish fisheries

Geographic reference:  Northwest Atlantic
Spatial Scale: Regional
Reference year: 2014
Approach: Fishery Management Unit

Jurisdictional framework
Management Body/Authority(ies): Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Organization (NAFO)
Mandate: Scientific Advice; Management;

Area of Competence: NAFO area of competence
Maritime Area: High seas

Harvested Resource
Target Species: Atlantic cod; Amer. plaice(=Long rough dab); Greenland halibut …  

Fishery Area: Flemish cap; Atlantic, Northwest / 21.3.M; NAFO area of competence

Fishery Indicators

Fisheries for groundfish have been taking place in the northwest Atlantic for over 500 years.
Harvested Resource
Type of production system: Industrial   

Fishery Area
Climatic zone: Temperate.   Depth zone: Slope - Upperslope (200 m - 500 m).   Horizontal distribution: Oceanic.   Vertical distribution: Demersal.  

Geo References for: Flemish cap
Fleet segment
Vessel Type
Flag State
Russian Federation

In 2014 countries that fished included Canada, Estonia, Lithuania, Norway, Portugal, Russian Federation, and Spain.

Fishing Gear
Single boat bottom otter trawls
The main fishing gear is bottom trawls.
Fishery Indicators
TypeMeasureValueUnitTime period
Catch 18692ton2014
Ecosystem Assessment
Division 3M contains several areas of coral and sponge concentrations that are closed to bottom fishing.

See the NAFO Scientific Council Reports for an environmental overview.
Management unit: Yes

Jurisdictional framework
Management Body/Authority(ies): Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Organization (NAFO)
Mandate: Scientific Advice; Management; Monitoring; Control and surveillance.  
Area of Competence: NAFO area of competence
Maritime Area: High seas.  
Related Fisheries - Management system
This fishery is managed as part of the management system described in Northwest Atlantic NAFO high seas fisheries.
Status of Management
Negotiation Process
At Annual Meetings held in September, Contracting Parties negotiate and agree, mostly by consensus, the respective quotas and fishing possibilities.
Cod, American plaice and redfish became regulated stocks in 1980. A fishing moratorium was declared for cod in 1999 and the fishery was re-opened in 2010. American plaice remains under moratorium since 1996.
Management Regime
Management Methods
Conservation and Management Measures

TAC and quotas, by-catch and gear restrictions, minimum fish size regulations, area and time limitations. NAFO recently introduced move-away provisions.

NAFO Quota Table for stocks in Div. 3M (Flemish Cap)

There is a moratorium on fishing for Shrimp in Div. 3M.

SpeciesCodRedfishAmerican plaiceGreenland halibut
Division/Contracting Party3M3M3M3LMNO

Denmark (Faroe

Islands and



European Union


France (St. Pierre

et Miquelon)

Russian Federation940913701460
Ukraine   -
United States of America-69--
*Contracting Parties may fish from their quota until the total is reached.

Compliance Measures

NAFO has developed a comprehensive set of regulations to monitor, survey and control the fisheries. Such as:

  • register of all vessels authorized to fish in the NAFO area
  • comprehensive reporting and recording requirements of catches and fishing effort by vessel masters, port authorities and flag States
  • labeling of fish products, stowage requirements and marking of gear
  • requirement to carry an independent observer on board
  • vessel monitoring system

See details in the NAFO Conservation and Enforcement Measures 2014.
Source of Information
“NAFO Conservation and Enforcement Measures 2014” Click to open “Scientific Council Reports” Click to open “Meeting Proceedings of the General Council and Fisheries Commission” Click to open “NAFO 21A Extraction Tool” Click to open
powered by FIGIS  © FAO, 2023
Powered by FIGIS