Fisheries and Resources Monitoring System

Senegal Fisheries sector
Fishery  Fact Sheet
Fishery production system report 2008
Senegal Fisheries sector
Fact Sheet Citation  
Revue sectorielle de la pêche au Sénégal
Owned byFood and Agriculture Organization (FAO) – more>>

Overview: Senegal is well known in the West African region as a traditional fishing nation.

Location of Senegal Fisheries sector

Geographic reference:  Senegal
Spatial Scale: National
Reference year: 2008
Approach: Production System

Means of Production
Land Base: Senegal
Type of production system: Artisanal; Industrial

Fishery Indicators
Employment: Number of fishers; Auxiliary employment…; Total employment; % women
Production: Landed Volume; Landed Value
Utilization: Per Capita Consumption; Shared in Animal Protein; Share of production…

Means of Production
Type of production system: Artisanal; Industrial   

National definitions of production systems
(Definitions in Fisheries Act [Code de la pêche] 1998)1

Artisanal = traditional undecked canoes,using non-mechanised gear and only using ice and salt for the preservation of catches.

Industrial and semi-industrial = other vessels operating under one of four types of licences:
- Coastal demersal fishing (shrimp trawlers, fish and cephalopod trawlers, longliners)
- Deep-sea demersal fishing (shrimp trawlers, fish trawlers, longliners, spiny lobster trap boats)
- Coastal pelagic fishing (purse seiners and trawlers)
- Offshore pelagic fishing (bait boats, purse seiners, tuna and swordfish longliners)

1Centre de Recherches Océanographiques Dakar-Thiaroye (Oceanographic Research Center Dakar-Thiaroye).
Land Area

Land Area References for: Senegal

Socioeconomic Assessment
The data in this fact sheet have been sourced mainly from the BNP case study in Senegal in 2008. The case study was carried out as a desk study, compiling and analysing existing secondary information from different sources including official statistics, censuses, research data and project reports. The data used referred to different years (e.g. inland fisheries data mainly from 1999-2000; number of fishers in the marine sector from 2005) but the preliminary study results were discussed and validated with key informants and local experts and were considered valid estimates for base year of the study, i.e. 2006 (see more explanations with regard to methods and sources in the BNP case study report: Démé, M. 2008. Revue sectorielle des statistiques de pêche et des systèmes de collecte de l’information au Sénégal. BNP working document, and in Table 1). It should be noted that figures may differ from officially reported data.

Information on consumption (apparent annual food fish supply and share of fish in animal proteins) is from FAO Food Balance Sheets, 2005 (see FAO Food Balance Sheets of Fish and Fishery Products [FBS}, Senegal 2005 [FAO FIES]).

Complementary information has also been derived from:
Related Fisheries - Related assessment
The assessment presented in this fact sheet is part of a more comprehensive national assessment undertaken under the BigNumbers project. Please refer to the other observation units [or fisheries] assessed: Senegal Artisanal fisheries sub-sector, Senegal Marine industrial fisheries sub-sector.
Senegal is well known in the West African region as a traditional fishing nation and the sector employs some 84 600 mainly fulltime fishers operating in marine or inland waters. Another estimated 47 800 people work in auxiliary activities, including in particular artisanal fish processing and marketing. This gives a total of 129 500 jobs in the Senegalese fisheries sector according to the BNP case study. 92 percent of this total work in small-scale activities. Two-thirds of the employment are in marine fisheries. Other sources cite some 600 000 employments in fisheries related activities, including also occasional and indirect employment. Some 30 percent of the total (fulltime) workforce are women, mainly employed in the postharvest sector.

The total Senegalese capture fisheries production is estimated at 545 300 tonnes, representing a total value of USD 191 million (1999/2000) [FAO FishStat Plus average 2004-2006: 411 700 tonnes].

Fish constitutes a significant part of the Senegalese diet. The apparent annual per capita fish consumption is 26.8 kg and fish contributes on average almost 50 percent of the total animal protein intake (2005, live weight equivalent, includes all fish). Fish exports are important to the Senegalese national economy although over 60 percent of the landings are used for domestic human consumption.
Fishery Indicators
EmploymentNumber of fishers84600persons
Auxiliary employment (upstream and downstream employment)47800persons
Total employment129500persons
% women30 % Share of fulltime employment; mainly in postharvest activities
ProductionLanded Volume 545300 tonnes
Landed Value 191million USD
UtilizationPer Capita Consumption 26.8kg
Shared in Animal Protein 48.5%
Share of production for domestic human consumption61% of landings

For a summary of Senegal fisheries sector, see Table 1
Source of Information
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