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Caribbean spiny lobster - Colombia
Marine Resource  Fact Sheet
Status of stocks and resources 2019
Caribbean spiny lobster - Colombia
Fact Sheet Citation  
Owned byFood and Agriculture Organization (FAO) – More
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Species:
FAO Names: en - Caribbean spiny lobster, fr - Langouste blanche, es - Langosta común del Caribe
Geographic extent of Caribbean spiny lobster - Colombia
Main Descriptors
Considered a single stock: Yes        Spatial Scale: National
Management unit: Yes        Reference year: 2016
 
 
Biological State and Trend
State & Trend Descriptors
FIRMS
Exploitation rateNot applicable
Abundance levelNot applicable
FAO Categories
Exploitation stateOverfished

The stock assessment outputs suggest the resource can be considered overexploited.
Habitat and Biology
Climatic zone: Tropical.   Vertical distribution: Benthic.  

Geographical Distribution
Jurisdictional distribution: National

Water Area Overview
Spatial Scale: National

Geo References
Resource Structure
Considered a single stock: Yes
Exploitation
 

From 2010 to 2016, industrial lobster landings decreased, with whole lobster landings ranging from 250 to 450 tonnes of whole weight and about 100 tonnes of tail weight. Artisanal fisheries increased from around 25 tonnes of total weight to values greater than 56 tonnes in 2015 and 2016.
Assessment
 

Stock assessment models applied were a length-based cohort analysis and the predictive model of Thompson and Bell.
Assessment Model
Type:  Size-structured
Length-Based Cohort Analysis
Thompson and Bell
Scientific Advice

• To overcome data gaps implementing actions towards the collection of biological, fishery and socioeconomic data through on-site sampling with additional information from the fishery. • As a target reference point for the Archipelago Department a maximum value of 646 tonnes per year, equivalent to 196 tonnes of tails. • To keep the closed season, address IUU fishing and define exclusive areas for artisanal fisheries, among others. • Considering the PaV1 virus, sampling lobster fishing areas in the Archipelago could assist to determine the health status of the species.
Management
Management unit: Yes
Source of information
 
FAO. 2019. Western Central Atlantic Fishery Commission/FAO Comisión Central de Pesca para el Atlántico Centro-Occidental. 2019. Report of the second meeting of the OSPESCA/WECAFC/CRFM/CFMC Working Group on Caribbean Spiny Lobster, Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, 21–23 March 2018/Informe de la segunda reunión del Grupo de Trabajo de OSPESCA/COPACO/CRFM/CFMC sobre la Langosta Espinosa del Caribe, Santo Domingo, República Dominicana, 21-23 de marzo 2018. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Report/Informe de Pesca y Acuicultura. No. 1264. Bridgetown. 68 pp. Licence: CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO.  Click to openhttp://www.fao.org/3/ca4984b/CA4984B.pdf
Bibliography
 
FAO. Western Central Atlantic Fishery Commission/FAO Commission des pêches pour l’Atlantique Centre-Ouest/FAO Comisión Central de Pesca para el Atlántico CentroOccidental. 2019. Report of the ninth session of the Scientific Advisory Group, Christ Church, Barbados, 19-20 November 2018. Rapport de la neuvième session du Groupe scientifique consultatif, Christ Church, Barbade, 19-20 Novembre 2018. Informe de la octava sesión del Grupo Asesor Científico, Christ Church, Barbados, 19-20 de Noviembre de 2018. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Report/Rapport sur les pêches et l’aquaculture/Informe de Pesca y Acuicultura. No. 1266. Bridgetown, 156 pp.  Click to openhttp://www.fao.org/3/ca4776t/ca4776t.pdf
All references to figures, tables and bibliography in the text are found within the source of information.
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