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Caribbean spiny lobster - Brazil
Marine Resource  Fact Sheet
Status of stocks and resources 2019
Caribbean spiny lobster - Brazil
Fact Sheet Citation  
Owned byFood and Agriculture Organization (FAO) – More
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Species:
Geographic extent of Caribbean spiny lobster - Brazil
Main Descriptors
Considered a single stock: Yes        Spatial Scale: National
Management unit: Yes        Reference year: 2016
 
 
Biological State and Trend
State & Trend Descriptors
FIRMS
Exploitation rateNot applicable
Abundance levelNot applicable
FAO Categories
Exploitation stateUncertain
Habitat and Biology
Climatic zone: Tropical.   Vertical distribution: Benthic.  

Geographical Distribution
Jurisdictional distribution: National

Water Area Overview
Spatial Scale: National

Geo References
Resource Structure
Considered a single stock: Yes
Exploitation
 

In Brazil, two species (Panulirus argus and P. laevicauda) are fished and the area comprises 74 000 km². Brazil has 12 000 fishers engaged in lobster fishing, which generated about 6 000 tonnes in 2016, although landings have been decreasing from 13 000 tonnes in 1992. Lobster boats are industrial and artisanal, with industrial fishing decreasing substantially due to high levels of effort achieved. Lobster landings and exports show downward trends since the 1990s, although stabilization in most recent years has been observed. 
Assessment
Level of uncertainty: High

Assessment Model
Type:  Age-structured
Sequential Population Analysis Model

For spiny lobster stock assessment in Brazil, different data sources are available and the sequential population analysis model is applied.
Overall Assessment Results

An increase in recruitment has been observed in recent years with an increase of lobster juveniles in catches. For this reason, fishing mortality is higher than natural mortality and targets juveniles. The current demographic structure is very unstable with high levels of uncertainty of stock estimates.
Management
Management unit: Yes
Source of information
 
FAO. 2019. Western Central Atlantic Fishery Commission/FAO Comisión Central de Pesca para el Atlántico Centro-Occidental. 2019. Report of the second meeting of the OSPESCA/WECAFC/CRFM/CFMC Working Group on Caribbean Spiny Lobster, Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, 21–23 March 2018/Informe de la segunda reunión del Grupo de Trabajo de OSPESCA/COPACO/CRFM/CFMC sobre la Langosta Espinosa del Caribe, Santo Domingo, República Dominicana, 21-23 de marzo 2018. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Report/Informe de Pesca y Acuicultura. No. 1264. Bridgetown. 68 pp. Licence: CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO.  Click to openhttp://www.fao.org/3/ca4984b/CA4984B.pdf
Bibliography
 
FAO. Western Central Atlantic Fishery Commission/FAO Commission des pêches pour l’Atlantique Centre-Ouest/FAO Comisión Central de Pesca para el Atlántico CentroOccidental. 2019. Report of the ninth session of the Scientific Advisory Group, Christ Church, Barbados, 19-20 November 2018. Rapport de la neuvième session du Groupe scientifique consultatif, Christ Church, Barbade, 19-20 Novembre 2018. Informe de la octava sesión del Grupo Asesor Científico, Christ Church, Barbados, 19-20 de Noviembre de 2018. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Report/Rapport sur les pêches et l’aquaculture/Informe de Pesca y Acuicultura. No. 1266. Bridgetown, 156 pp.  Click to openhttp://www.fao.org/3/ca4776t/ca4776t.pdf
All references to figures, tables and bibliography in the text are found within the source of information.
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