Fisheries and Resources Monitoring System

European squid - Senegal and Gambia
Marine Resource  Fact Sheet
CECAF Scientific advice 2016
European squid - Senegal and Gambia
Fact Sheet Citation  
Calmar (Loligo vulgaris) - Stock Sénégal-Gambie (16°N - 12°N)
Owned byFood and Agriculture Organization (FAO) – More
Monitoring periodPreviously monitored as: European squid - Morocco, Mauritania, Senegal and Gambia
Related observationsLocate in inventorydisplay tree map
FAO Names: en - European squid, fr - Encornet, es - Calamar, ar - ذو الأذرع العشر أُوروبي, zh - 真枪乌贼

Fishery Indicators
Production: Catch
Geographic extent of European squid - Senegal and Gambia
Main Descriptors
Considered a single stock: Yes        Spatial Scale: Regional
Management unit: Yes        Reference year: 2012
Biological State and Trend
State & Trend Descriptors
FAO Categories
Exploitation stateUncertain/Not assessed
Habitat and Biology
Climatic zone: Tropical.   Depth zone: Coastal (0 m - 50 m); Shelf (50 m - 200 m); Slope (200 m - 1000 m).   Horizontal distribution: Neritic.   Vertical distribution: Demersal.  

Geographical Distribution
Jurisdictional distribution: Shared between nations

Water Area Overview
Spatial Scale: Regional

Geo References
Resource Structure
Considered a single stock: Yes
Fishery Indicators
TypeMeasureValueUnitTime period
ProductionCatch 39tonnes1990
Catch 16tonnes1991
Catch 50tonnes1992
Catch 48tonnes1993
Catch 39tonnes1994
Catch 19tonnes1995
Catch 67tonnes1996
Catch 11tonnes1997
Catch 61tonnes1998
Catch 56tonnes1999
Catch 65tonnes2000
Catch 130tonnes2001
Catch 233tonnes2002
Catch 84tonnes2003
Catch 127tonnes2004
Catch 189tonnes2005
Catch 133tonnes2006
Catch 91tonnes2007
Catch 168tonnes2008
Catch 90.9tonnes2009
Catch 35tonnes2010
Catch 175.7tonnes2011
Catch 103.3tonnes2012

Assessment year: 2013
The CECAF Working Groups have adopted the following Biological Reference Points (BRPs):
- Limit Reference points: BMSY and FMSY
- Target Reference Points: B0.1 and F0.1
Stock status is assigned based on current estimates of fishing mortality (Fcur) and biomass (Bcur) relative to these target and limit reference points (Bcur/BMSY, Fcur/FMSY, Bcur/B0.1, Fcur/F0.1). The results from the stock assessment of this stock are found under the “Biological state and trend section”.
Assessment Model
Type:  Biomass-aggregated
Schaefer dynamic production model

For the Senegal-Gambia stock, the data series for the total catch of squid from 1990 to 2012 was used in the model. The abundance indices (CPUE) of the Senegalese industrial fleet were used.
Overall Assessment Results

Tests were done with a long series (1990-2012) and a short series (2004-2012). The short series gave the best fit. However, due to the very low catches, the results of the model were inconclusive according to the Working Group.
Scientific Advice

Considering that this species is caught by the same fleets targeting octopus and cuttlefish, the same recommendations made for octopus and cuttlefish are also valid for the loligo fishery.
Management unit: Yes
Source of information
FAO. 2016a. Fishery Committee for the Eastern Central Atlantic, Report of the seventh session of the Scientific Sub-Committee, Tenerife, Spain, 14–16 October 2015 / Comité des pêches pour l’Atlantique Centre-Est Rapport de la septième session du Sous-Comité scientifique. Tenerife, Espagne 14-16 octobre 2015. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Report / FAO Rapport sur les pêches et l’aquaculture No. 1128. Rome, Italy.  Click to open
FAO. 2016b. Report of the FAO/CECAF Working Group on the Assessment of Demersal Resources – Subgroup North. Fuengirola, Spain, 18–27 November 2013. / Rapport du Groupe de travail FAO/COPACE sur l’évaluation des ressources démersales – Sousgroupe Nord. Fuengirola, Espagne, 18-27 novembre 2013. CECAF/ECAF Series/COPACE/PACE Séries. No. 15/77. Rome, Italy/Italie.  Click to open
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