Fisheries and Resources Monitoring System

Common pandora - Malta Island and South of Sicily
Marine Resource  Fact Sheet
Stock status report 2012
Common pandora - Malta Island and South of Sicily
Fact Sheet Citation  
Pagellus erythrinus - Malta Island and South of Sicily
Owned byGeneral Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean (GFCM) – More
Related observationsLocate in inventorydisplay tree map
FAO Names: en - Common pandora, fr - Pageot commun, es - Breca

Fishery Indicators
Production: Catch
Geographic extent of Common pandora - Malta Island and South of Sicily
Main Descriptors
Considered a single stock: No        Spatial Scale: Sub-Regional
Reference year: 2011
Biological State and Trend
State & Trend Descriptors
Exploitation rateOverfishing (Fcurr/F0.1=2.4)Not applicable
Abundance levelNot applicable

As a consequence F needs consistent reduction from the current F towards the candidate limit reference point for long term sustainability based on F0.1. (Fcurr/F0.1=2.4).
Habitat and Biology
Climatic zone: Temperate.   Depth zone: Shelf (50 m - 200 m); Slope (200 m - 1000 m).   Horizontal distribution: Neritic.   Vertical distribution: Demersal/Benthic.  

Geographical Distribution
Jurisdictional distribution: Shared between nations

Water Area Overview
Spatial Scale: Sub-Regional

Geo References
Resource Structure
Considered a single stock: No
Fishery Indicators
TypeMeasureValueUnitTime period
ProductionCatch 10101.75tonnes2006
Catch 10124.2tonnes2007
Catch 4916.47tonnes2008
Catch 3165.98tonnes2009
Catch 4327.61tonnes2010
Catch 2145.15tonnes2011
Assessment Model
Type:  Size-structured
Assessment Model
Type:  Age-structured
Overall Assessment Results

The VIT analysis (software based on LCA and Y/R analysis adapted to Mediterranean fisheries) showed an anomaly in 2009. The origin of this anomaly should be explained, and also why this anomaly has not been observed when running the XSA analysis. In addition, the XSA analysis was applied on 6 years data while the maximum age was 7 years, which does not allow the analysis to cover a complete cohort. At least 7 years should be needed to an adequate XSA run. The VIT analysis has been applied on single years, while the GFCM recommendations specify that years should be lumped together when using this approach. This remark was also addressed at the end of the sessions and a general recommendation is done in the last section of this report. The sensitivity of the results to the use of yearly or lumped data should be tested.
Scientific Advice

Based on the results of the XSA performed, a reduction of about ~60% of the fishing mortality is needed to reach the technical target reference point F0.1; at present both SSB and recruitment show clear decreasing trends. A progressive reduction of current F through consistent effort reduction and an improvement in current exploitation patterns are recommended. In this context a multiannual management plan to be implemented at GSA 15 and 16 taking into account the effects of the different gears targeting different life stages of common pandora (P. erythrinus) is advisable.
Source of information
FAO General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean/Commission générale des pêches pour la Méditerranée. 2014. Report of the fifteenth session of the Scientific Advisory Committee. Rome, 8-11 April 2013/Rapport de la quinzième session du Comité scientifique consultatif. Rome, 8-11 avril 2013.FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Report/FAO Rapport sur les pêches et l’aquaculture. No. 1042. Rome. 228 pp. Click to open
Report of the Working Group on Stock Assessment of Demersal Species (WGSADS). FAO-GFCM Split, Croatia, 5-9 November 2012. Click to open
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