Fisheries and Resources Monitoring System

European hake - Gulf of Lion
Marine Resource  Fact Sheet
Stock status report 2015
European hake - Gulf of Lion
Fact Sheet Citation  
Merluccius merluccius - Gulf of Lion
Owned byGeneral Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean (GFCM) – More
Related observationsLocate in inventorydisplay tree map
FAO Names: en - European hake, fr - Merlu européen, es - Merluza europea, ru - Мерлуза восточноатлантическая

Fishery Indicators
Production: Catch; Landed Volume
Geographic extent of European hake - Gulf of Lion
Main Descriptors
Considered a single stock: No        Spatial Scale: Sub-Regional
Management unit: Yes        Reference year: 2014
Biological State and Trend
State & Trend Descriptors
Exploitation rateIn overexploitation (Fcurr/F0.1 = 11.7)Not applicable
Abundance levelRelative intermediate biomassIntermediate abundance

[The GFCM methodology to provide stock status and management advice is described in the Appendix F of the Sixteenth Session of the Scientific Advisory Committee Report. See the Bibliography section.]
Habitat and Biology
Climatic zone: Temperate.   Bottom type: Soft bottom; Hard bottom.   Depth zone: Shelf (50 m - 200 m); Slope (200 m - 1000 m).   Horizontal distribution: Neritic.   Vertical distribution: Demersal/Benthic.  

Geographical Distribution
Jurisdictional distribution: Shared between nations

Water Area Overview
Spatial Scale: Sub-Regional

Geo References
Resource Structure
Considered a single stock: No

Stock assessment in the GFCM area of application is often conducted by management units, based on GSAs. This method does not ensure that the whole stock is assessed, since stocks may cover several different management units. In some cases, when there is scientific evidence of a stock spreading through different GSAs, as well as information on species from different GSAs, existing information is combined across GSAs. This is then defined as a “joint stock assessment of a shared stock”. The GFCM recommends that when scientific evidence of shared stocks exists, joint stock assessments should be attempted. A number of activities aimed at achieving a better definition of stock boundaries are currently being conducted at the GFCM level. [The State of Mediterranean and Black Sea Fisheries, 2016]
Fishery Indicators
TypeMeasureValueUnitTime period
ProductionCatch 2429tonnes1998
Catch 2413tonnes1999
Catch 2298tonnes2000
Catch 2694tonnes2001
Catch 2727tonnes2002
Catch 2590tonnes2003
Catch 1301tonnes2004
Catch 1484tonnes2005
Catch 1599tonnes2006
Catch 1700tonnes2007
Catch 2506tonnes2008
Catch 2270tonnes2009
Catch 1984tonnes2010
Catch 1365tonnes2011
Catch 1124tonnes2012
Catch 1735tonnes2013
Catch 1983tonnes2014
Fishery Indicators
TypeMeasureValueUnitTime period
ProductionLanded Volume 2429tonnes1998
Landed Volume 2413tonnes1999
Landed Volume 2298tonnes2000
Landed Volume 2694tonnes2001
Landed Volume 2727tonnes2002
Landed Volume 2590tonnes2003
Landed Volume 1301tonnes2004
Landed Volume 1483tonnes2005
Landed Volume 1599tonnes2006
Landed Volume 1700tonnes2007
Landed Volume 2298tonnes2008
Landed Volume 2260tonnes2009
Landed Volume 1983tonnes2010
Landed Volume 1362tonnes2011
Landed Volume 1114tonnes2012
Landed Volume 1690tonnes2013
Landed Volume 1932tonnes2014
Assessment Model
Type:  Age-structured
Assessment Model
Type:  Others
Short term forecast
Scientific Advice

Reduce fishing mortality
Management unit: Yes
Source of information
FAO. 2016. General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean. Report of the eighteenth session of the Scientific Advisory Committee on Fisheries. Nicosia, Cyprus, 21–23 March 2016. Commission générale des pêches pour la Méditerranée. Rapport de la dix-huitième session du Comité scientifique consultatif des pêches. Nicosie, Chypre, 21-23 mars 2016. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Report/FAO Rapport sur les pêches et l’aquaculture No. 1154. Rome, Italy/Italie.  Click to open
Report of the Working Group on Stock Assessment of Demersal Species (WGSAD). FAO-GFCM Rome, Italy, 23-28 November 2015.
Stock assessment form for european hake in GSA 7 (reporting year: 2015).  Click to open
FAO. 2016. The State of Mediterranean and Black Sea Fisheries. General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean. Rome, Italy.  Click to open
FAO General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean/Commission générale des pêches pour la Méditerranée. Report of the sixteenth session of the Scientific Advisory Committee. St. Julian’s, Malta, 17–20 March 2014/Rapport de la seizième session du Comité scientifique consultatif. Saint Julien, Malte, Malte, 17-20 mars 2014. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Report/FAO Rapport sur les pêches et l’aquaculture. No. R1102. Rome. 2015. 250 pp.  Click to open
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