Biological State and Trend
Fully exploited in Nigeria, Overexploited in Cameroon.
Habitat and Biology
Bottom type: Soft bottom - muddy or muddy-sand; Hard rocky bottom. Depth zone: Coastal; Shelf - Upper shelf (up to 100 m). Horizontal distribution: Littoral. Vertical distribution: Demersal/benthic.
Jurisdictional distribution: Unspecified
Considered a single stock: Yes
“Report of the working group on the demersal fishery resources in the western gulf of Guinea and Sherbro statistical divisions.” 1992 CECAF/ECAF SERIES 91/55 FAO.
“Report of the Workshop on the Assessment and Management of Shrimps and Crabs in Southwest Africa (Luanda, Angola, 8-12 Marc 1999).” A.M. Caramelo, M. Lamboeuf and M. Tandstad 1999 GCP/RAF/302/EEC FAO.
“Report of the FOURTH SESSION OF CECAF SCIENTIFIC SUB-COMMITTEE ACCRA, GHANA, 24-26 OCTOBER 2005” FAO 2006 FAO fisheries technical paper 457 FAO.