Habitat and Biology
Bottom type: Soft bottom - muddy or muddy-sand; Hard rocky bottom. Depth zone: Coastal; Shelf - Upper shelf (up to 100 m). Horizontal distribution: Littoral. Vertical distribution: Demersal/benthic.
Jurisdictional distribution: Unspecified
Considered a single stock: Yes
Biological State and Trend
Fully exploited in Nigeria, Overexploited in Cameroon.
“Report of the working group on the demersal fishery resources in the western gulf of Guinea and Sherbro statistical divisions.” 1992 CECAF/ECAF SERIES 91/55 FAO.
“Report of the Workshop on the Assessment and Management of Shrimps and Crabs in Southwest Africa (Luanda, Angola, 8-12 Marc 1999).” A.M. Caramelo, M. Lamboeuf and M. Tandstad 1999 GCP/RAF/302/EEC FAO.
“Report of the FOURTH SESSION OF CECAF SCIENTIFIC SUB-COMMITTEE ACCRA, GHANA, 24-26 OCTOBER 2005” FAO 2006 FAO fisheries technical paper 457 FAO.