Biological State and Trend
Overexploited in Ghana.
Habitat and Biology
Bottom type: Soft bottom - muddy or muddy-sand. Depth zone: Coastal; Shelf - Upper shelf (up to 100 m); Shelf edge. Horizontal distribution: Neritic; Oceanic. Vertical distribution: Demersal/benthic.
Jurisdictional distribution: Shared between nations
Considered a single stock: No
“Report of the working group on the demersal fishery resources in the western gulf of Guinea and Sherbro statistical divisions.” 1992 CECAF/ECAF SERIES 91/55 FAO.
“Report of the FOURTH SESSION OF CECAF SCIENTIFIC SUB-COMMITTEE ACCRA, GHANA, 24-26 OCTOBER 2005” FAO 2006 FAO fisheries technical paper 457 FAO.