Habitat and Biology
Bottom type: Soft bottom - muddy or muddy-sand. Depth zone: Coastal; Shelf - Upper shelf (up to 100 m); Shelf edge. Horizontal distribution: Neritic. Vertical distribution: Demersal.
Jurisdictional distribution: Shared between nations
Considered a single stock: Yes
Biological State and Trend
Fully exploited, Overexploited
“Pre-survey meeting to plan the year 2000 survey with the R/V DR. Fridtjof Nansen in the Western Gulf of Guinea (Benin, Togo, Ghana, Cote d Ivoire)” FAO 2002 Fao Fish. Rep. FAO.
“Report of the FOURTH SESSION OF CECAF SCIENTIFIC SUB-COMMITTEE ACCRA, GHANA, 24-26 OCTOBER 2005” FAO 2006 FAO fisheries technical paper 457 FAO.