Habitat and Biology
Bottom type: Soft bottom - muddy or muddy-sand. Depth zone: Coastal; Shelf - Upper shelf (up to 100 m). Horizontal distribution: Littoral. Vertical distribution: Demersal.
Jurisdictional distribution: Shared between nations
Considered a single stock: Yes
Biological State and Trend
Fully exploited in Guinea and Sierra Leone; over exploited in Côte d'Ivoire, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Angola.
“Report of the second ad hoc working group on coastal demersal stocks from southern Mauritania to Liberia” FAO 1980 CECAF/ECAF SERIES 80/23 FAO.
“Report of the FOURTH SESSION OF CECAF SCIENTIFIC SUB-COMMITTEE ACCRA, GHANA, 24-26 OCTOBER 2005” FAO 2006 FAO fisheries technical paper 457 FAO.