Biological State and Trend
Fully exploited in Guinea and Sierra Leone; over exploited in Côte d'Ivoire, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Angola.
Habitat and Biology
Bottom type: Soft bottom - muddy or muddy-sand. Depth zone: Coastal; Shelf - Upper shelf (up to 100 m). Horizontal distribution: Littoral. Vertical distribution: Demersal.
Jurisdictional distribution: Shared between nations
Considered a single stock: Yes
“Report of the second ad hoc working group on coastal demersal stocks from southern Mauritania to Liberia” FAO 1980 CECAF/ECAF SERIES 80/23 FAO.
“Report of the FOURTH SESSION OF CECAF SCIENTIFIC SUB-COMMITTEE ACCRA, GHANA, 24-26 OCTOBER 2005” FAO 2006 FAO fisheries technical paper 457 FAO.