Fisheries and Resources Monitoring System

Cunene horse mackerel - Côte d'Ivoire, Ghana, Togo and Benin
Marine Resource  Fact Sheet
CECAF Scientific advice 2016
Cunene horse mackerel - Côte d'Ivoire, Ghana, Togo and Benin
Fact Sheet Citation  
Chinchard du Cunène (Trachurus trecae) - stock ouest (Côte d'Ivoire, Ghana, Togo et Bénin)
Owned byFood and Agriculture Organization (FAO) – More
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FAO Names: en - Cunene horse mackerel, fr - Chinchard du Cunène, es - Jurel de Cunene, ru - Ставрида западноафриканская

Fishery Indicators
Production: Catch
Geographic extent of Cunene horse mackerel - Côte d'Ivoire, Ghana, Togo and Benin
Main Descriptors
Considered a single stock: Yes        Spatial Scale: Regional
Management unit: Yes        Reference year: 2012
Biological State and Trend
State & Trend Descriptors
FAO Categories
Exploitation stateUncertain/Not assessed
Habitat and Biology
Climatic zone: Tropical.   Depth zone: Coastal (0 m - 50 m); Shelf - Uppershelf (up to 100 m).   Horizontal distribution: Neritic.   Vertical distribution: Pelagic.  

Geographical Distribution
Jurisdictional distribution: Shared between nations

Water Area Overview
Spatial Scale: Regional

Geo References
Resource Structure
Considered a single stock: Yes
Fishery Indicators
TypeMeasureValueUnitTime period
ProductionCatch 627tonnes1990
Catch 225tonnes1991
Catch 192tonnes1992
Catch 587tonnes1993
Catch 286tonnes1994
Catch 155tonnes1995
Catch 657tonnes1996
Catch 135tonnes1997
Catch 502tonnes1998
Catch 4485tonnes1999
Catch 996tonnes2000
Catch 3070tonnes2001
Catch 909tonnes2002
Catch 4631tonnes2003
Catch 4451tonnes2004
Catch 9830tonnes2005
Catch 6713tonnes2006
Catch 7033tonnes2007
Catch 15347tonnes2008
Catch 14549tonnes2009
Catch 6044tonnes2010
Catch 11691tonnes2011
Catch 13011tonnes2012

Assessment year: 2014
The CECAF Working Groups have adopted the following Biological Reference Points (BRPs):
- Limit Reference points: BMSY and FMSY
- Target Reference Points: B0.1 and F0.1
Stock status is assigned based on current estimates of fishing mortality (Fcur) and biomass (Bcur) relative to these target and limit reference points (Bcur/BMSY, Fcur/FMSY, Bcur/B0.1, Fcur/F0.1). The results from the stock assessment of this stock are found under the “Biological state and trend section”.
Assessment Model
Type:  Biomass-aggregated
Schaefer dynamic production model

The input data prepared by the FAO/CECAF Working Group on the Assessment of Small Pelagic Fish Subgroup South were the total catch data on Trachurus trecae from the artisanal, inshore and industrial fisheries for the period 1990–2012 for the four countries. The CPUEs from Ghana’s inshore fishery and artisanal fishery were used in the stock assessment model.
Overall Assessment Results

The assessments did not provide any reliable results as the model did not adjust well to the data available. It was, however, noted that a general decrease in catches could be observed over the last five years.
Scientific Advice

Catches decreased over the last 5 years. As a precautionary measure, do not increase catches of this species from the average of the 5 last years (12000 tonnes).
Management unit: Yes
Source of information
FAO. 2016. Fishery Committee for the Eastern Central Atlantic, Report of the seventh session of the Scientific Sub-Committee, Tenerife, Spain, 14–16 October 2015 / Comité des pêches pour l’Atlantique Centre-Est Rapport de la septième session du Sous-Comité scientifique. Tenerife, Espagne 14-16 octobre 2015. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Report / FAO Rapport sur les pêches et l’aquaculture No. 1128. Rome, Italy.  Click to open
FAO. 2015. Report of the FAO/CECAF Working Group on the Assessment of Small Pelagic Fish – Subgroup South. Pointe Noire, Congo, 17–23 March 2014. Rapport du Groupe de travail FAO/COPACE sur l’évaluation des petits poissons pélagiques – Sous-groupe Sud. Pointe Noire, Congo, 17-23 mars 2014. CECAF/ECAF Series / COPACE/PACE Séries No. 15/75 Rome, FAO. 157 pp.  Click to open
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