Fisheries and Resources Monitoring System

EspañolFrançais
Jamaica Queen conch fishery
Fishery  Fact Sheet
Fishery Resources Report 2016
Jamaica Queen conch fishery
Fact Sheet Citation  
Industrial queen Conch fishery
Owned byFood and Agriculture Organization (FAO) – more>>

more>>
<<less
Overview: Jamaica has been recognized as a major producer of the queen conch (Strombus gigas) regionally. The commercial fishery for queen conch is based on the Pedro Bank and is managed utilizing annual total allowable catch limits and individual non-transferable quota systems. Total allowable catches (TAC’s) are established based on scientific assessments of the status of the conch population on the Pedro Bank.

Location of Jamaica Queen conch fishery
 

Geographic reference:  Jamaica
Spatial Scale: National
Reference year: 2015
Approach: Fishing Activity

Fishing Activity
Fishing Gear: Gear nei
Type of production system: Commercial
Fishery Area: Jamaica

Seasonality: February to July

Harvested Resource
Target Species: Queen conch

Means of Production
Vessel Type: Other fishing vessels
Fishery Indicators
Nominal Effort: Number of vessels
Employment: Number of fishermen
Production: Landed Volume; Export value

Fishing Activity
Type of production system: Commercial   

Fishery Area
Bottom type: Soft bottom gravel-sandy.   Depth zone: Coastal - Shallow waters, inshore (0 m - 50 m).   Vertical distribution: Demersal.  

Coastal waters and offshore Pedro and Morant banks. 

Geo References
Fishing Gear
Gear nei
Scuba and hookah
Vessel Type
Other fishing vessels
Decked vessels, 25 m length, inboard engine 500 hp, acting as mothership of fiberglass boats of 7 m (some of them leased from Dominican Republic).


Crew
5
Flag State
Jamaica
Related Fisheries - Fishery(ies) switching activity seasonally or targeting the same stock
Jamaica Artisanal spiny lobster - Island shelf and proximal banks
Jamaica Industrial spiny lobster - Offshore banks
Seasonality
February to July

Environmental limitations

Hurricanes, bad weather or sea conditions may affect harvest levels.
Trip Duration
6-12 days
List of fishery Indicators
Fishery Indicators
TypeMeasureValueUnitTime period
Nominal EffortNumber of vessels 66 (11 mother vessel - 53 artisanal (canoe) vessel - 2 carrier)vessels2014
EmploymentNumber of fishermen 99 employed on the mother vessels (JAM - HND - DOM)Persons2014
Number of fishermen 223 employed on the artisanal vessels (JAM - HND - DOM)Persons2014
Number of fishermen 6 employed on the carriers (JAM)Persons2014
ProductionLanded Volume 400-500tonnes2012
Export value17.9 million/yearUSD2015
Management
Management unit: Yes

Jurisdictional framework
Management Body/Authority(ies): National Fisheries Advisory Committee
Mandate: Management.  
Area under national jurisdiction: Jamaica
Maritime Area: Exclusive Economic Zone Areas (EEZ).  
Management Body/Authority(ies): Fisheries Division of the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries
Mandate: Management.  
Area under national jurisdiction: Jamaica
Maritime Area: Exclusive Economic Zone Areas (EEZ).  
Management Regime
The Fishing Industry Act (1975) and Regulations (1976) and the Morant and Pedro Cays Act (1907) are the various legislation which govern fisheries within the territorial sea and archipelagic waters of Jamaica. Specific to the queen conch fishery is the fishing industry (Conservation of conch (genus Strombus)) regulations, 2000. Conch is listed as an ‘at risk’ species under the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES), as such; a careful system of export quotas is required to comply with the provisions of that Convention. 
Management Methods

Fisheries Regulations with focus on fish size limit, effort control - Binding

  • Aquatic species-related measures
    Total Available Catch (TAC)
  • Gear-related measures
    Gear type
  • Fishing activity-related measures
    Total Available Catch (TAC) based on visual survey and cpue data, closed season as gazetted by Minister, limited entry, licenses.
Status and Trends
 
The use of the resource was very low up to 1989 (50 tons). Since 1990 ocurred a rapid development of a profitable export industry reaching 2050 tons in 1994. Present status: several stock depleted, decline in the abundance of medium and large conch due to high level of fishing effort. 
Source of Information
 
Fisheries Division of Jamaica, Ministry of Agriculture. Personal communication, January 2016.  Click to openhttp://www.moa.gov.jm/Fisheries/index.php
Bibliography
 
Murray, A.O. 2015. Report of the improved data collection and monitoring of the 2015 industrial conch fishing season. Unpublished report of the Fisheries Division of Jamaica, Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries.
Murray, A.O., Smikle, S. 2014. Assessment of the 2014 catch and effort data for the Pedro Bank queen conch fishery and NTAC recommendation.
Morris, R. 2013. Pedro Bank queen conch fishery assessment and TAC recommendation. Unpublished report of the Fisheries Division of Jamaica, Ministry of Agriculture.
Murray, A.O., Smikle, S., Cooke-Panton, K., Squire, J. and Hansel, F. 2012. Assessment of the 2012 catch and effort data for the Pedro Bank queen conch fishery. Unpublished report of the Fisheries Division of Jamaica, Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries.
2011 Jamaica Queen Conch (Strombus gigas) Abundance Survey. Unpublished report of the Fisheries Division of Jamaica, Ministry of Agriculture.
Murray, A.O. 2011. Assessment of the 2010 catch and effort data for the Pedro Bank queen conch fishery. Unpublished report of the Fisheries Division of Jamaica, Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries.
Smikle, S.G. 2010. Pedro Bank queen conch fishery, assessment and TAC recommendation. Unpublished report of the Fisheries Division of Jamaica, Ministry of Agriculture.
Aiken, K., Kong, G.A., Smikle, S.G., Appeldoorn, R. and Warner, G. 2006. Managing Jamaica’s queen conch resources. Ocean and Coastal Management 49 (5-6):332-341.
Tewfik, A. 2002. Regional overview of queen conch Strombus gigas resources in CARICOM/CARIFORUM countries. CINVESTAV-IPN, Merida Mexico.
Smikle, S.G. and Appeldoorn, R.S. 2002. Estimates of abundance and potential yield for the Pedro Bank queen conch population. Unpublished report of the Fisheries Division of Jamaica, Ministry of Agriculture.
Taller Regional de Langosta de WECAFC, Jamaica National Report. FAO Fisheries Rep. 619. 2001.
Aiken, K., Kong, G.A., Smikle, S.G., Mahon, R. and Appeldoorn, R. 1999. The queen conch fishery on Pedro Bank, Jamaica: discovery, development, management. Ocean and Coastal Management 42 (12):1069 - 1081.
Tewfik, A. and Appeldoorn, R.S. 1997 Queen conch (Strombus gigas) abundance survey and potential yield estimates for Pedro Bank, Jamaica. Fisheries Division, Jamaica: 18 pp. 1998.  Click to openhttp://www.crfm.int/~uwohxjxf/images/documents/Pedro_1997_Conch_Survey_Report.pdf
Kong, G.A. 1997. The Jamaica queen conch management plan: a review and critical analysis, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.
Appeldoorn, R.S. Stock abundance and potential yield of queen conch on Pedro Bank. Fisheries Division Ministry of Agriculture Kingston, Jamaica May 31, 1995.
Appeldoorn, R.S. and Meyers, S. 1993. Marine fishery resources of the Antilles FAO Fish. Tech. Pap. 326, Proc Gulf and Caribbean Fisheries Institute, 41.
powered by FIGIS  © FAO, 2020
Powered by FIGIS
crawl