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Turks and Caicos Islands Lobster fishery
Fishery  Fact Sheet
WECAFC Fishery Resources Report 2016
Turks and Caicos Islands Lobster fishery
Fact Sheet Citation  
Lobster Fishery
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Overview: The Caribbean spiny lobster, as a resource, represents a major economic aspect of the Turks and Caicos Islands fisheries with the majority of landed lobsters being exported to foreign markets. Lobsters are primarily harvested by free-divers using what is called a "hook-stick". Trap openings can be modified in a way to enable or prevent lobsters from entering the trap.

Location of Turks and Caicos Islands Lobster fishery
 

Geographic reference:  Turks and Caicos Islands
Spatial Scale: National
Reference year: 2015
Approach: Fishing Activity

Fishing Activity
Fishing Gear: Grappling and wounding gears
Type of production system: Commercial; Subsistence; Recreational
Fishery Area: Turks and Caicos Is.

Seasonality: August to March

Harvested Resource
Target Species: Caribbean spiny lobster
Associated Species: Channel-clinging crab; Spanish slipper lobster; Variegated triton …  
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Means of Production
Vessel Type: Other fishing vessels  
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Fishery Indicators
Nominal Effort: Number of vessels
Employment: Number of fishermen
Production: Landed Volume

Fishing Activity
Type of production system: Commercial; Subsistence; Recreational   

Fishery Area
Bottom type: Coral reef; Hard bottom.   Depth zone: Coastal - Shallow waters, inshore (0 m - 50 m).   Horizontal distribution: Neritic.   Vertical distribution: Benthic.  

Caicos Bank. Coral reef, patch reef, holes, crevices, overhangs and artificial structures.

Geo References
Vessel Type
Other fishing vessels
Pot vessels
Fiberglass, 20ft, 90HP


Crew
3
Flag State
Turks and Caicos Is.
Fishing Gear
Grappling and wounding gears
Hook-stick/tickle-stick, hawaiian sling, pole spear.
Seasonality
August to March

Environmental limitations

Weather/Sea conditions
Ports
Providenciales, South Caicos
Trip Duration
1 day
Fisherfolks Community
Turks and Caicos nationals
List of fishery Indicators
Fishery Indicators
TypeMeasureValueUnitTime period
Nominal EffortNumber of vessels ~150vessels2015
EmploymentNumber of fishermen ~347Persons2015
ProductionLanded Volume 220tonnes2014
Post Harvest
 
Markets
Turks and Caicos Islands, USA
Management
Management unit: Yes

Jurisdictional framework
Management Body/Authority(ies): Department of Environment and Coastal Resources (DECR)
Mandate: Scientific Advice; Management; Monitoring; Control and surveillance.  
Area under national jurisdiction: Turks and Caicos Is.
Maritime Area: Exclusive Economic Zone Areas (EEZ).  
Management Regime
Management Methods

Fisheries Regulations with focus on spawner/juvenile protection, environment protection - Binding

  • Aquatic species-related measures
    Minimum carapace length of 3.25 inches, minimum tail weight of 5 ounces, no egg bearing lobsters, no moulting/soft shelled lobsters.
  • Gear-related measures
    No person shall harvest lobsters by means that will prevent the lobster from being returned alive (unless by means of a hook); minimum trap mesh-size of 1.5 inches, traps must have a panel which would deteriorate within 6 weeks if left in the water continuously; no person shall leave pots unattended in-water for a period exceeding 48 hours; traps must be marked with the owner's licence number; no person shall use bleach or any other noxious substances for the harvest of lobster.
  • Vessel-related measures
    Commercial fishing vessel licence, commercial trap fishing vessel licence, sports fishing licence.
  • Fishing activity-related measures
    Commercial fisherman's licence (available to native commercial fishers), assistant commercial fisherman's licence (available to foreign commercial fishers), sports fishing licence, closed areas (protected areas), closed season (April - July).
Source of Information
 
Department of Environment and Coastal Resources (DECR), Turks and Caicos Islands Government. Personal Communication, January, 2016.  Click to openhttp://www.gov.tc/dema/
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