Fisheries and Resources Monitoring System

Saint Kitts and Nevis Caribbean spiny lobster fishery
Fishery  Fact Sheet
WECAFC Fishery Resources Report 2020
Saint Kitts and Nevis Caribbean spiny lobster fishery
Fact Sheet Citation  
Lobster fishery
Owned byFood and Agriculture Organization (FAO) – more>>

Overview: The Caribbean spiny lobster is part of the reef fishery but has been separated for management due to its importance to the economy and very long life cycle. Lobsters are taken in the same traps that catch reef fish. Lobsters are therefore taken all year round. (FAO, 2003).

Location of Saint Kitts and Nevis Caribbean spiny lobster fishery

Geographic reference:  Saint Kitts and Nevis
Spatial Scale: National
Reference year: 2018
Approach: Fishing Activity

Fishing Activity
Fishing Gear: Hand Implements (Wrenching gear, Clamps, Tongs, Rakes, Spears)
Type of production system: Artisanal; Commercial
Fishery Area: St. Kitts and Nevis; Saint Kitts and Nevis

Seasonality: All year

Harvested Resource
Target Species: Caribbean spiny lobster

Means of Production
Vessel Type: Multipurpose vessels nei
Fishery Indicators
Nominal Effort: Number of vessels
Employment: Number of fishermen
Production: Landed Volume; Ex-vessel price

Fishing Activity
Type of production system: Artisanal; Commercial   

Fishery Area
Climatic zone: Tropical.   Bottom type: Coral reef; Soft bottom.   Depth zone: Coastal (0 m - 50 m).   Horizontal distribution: Littoral; Neritic.   Vertical distribution: Benthic.  

Geo References for: St. Kitts and Nevis
Vessel Type
Multipurpose vessels nei
Wood, Fibreflass, LOA <40, 40-300 HP

Flag State
Saint Kitts and Nevis
All year

Environmental limitations

Spawning Aggregation
St. Kitts, Nevis
Trip Duration
4-12 hours
List of fishery Indicators
Fishery Indicators
TypeMeasureValueUnitTime period
Nominal EffortNumber of vessels 127vessels2017
Number of vessels 110vessels2018
EmploymentNumber of fishermen 381 [KNA GUY]Persons2017
Number of fishermen ~381 [KNA GUY]Persons2018
ProductionLanded Volume 30tonnes2017
Landed Volume 37tonnes2018
Ex-vessel price438376USD/year2017
Ex-vessel price541800USD/year2018
Post Harvest
Fish Utilisation
Fresh lobster
Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint-Martin / Sint Maarten
Management unit: No

Jurisdictional framework
Management Body/Authority(ies): Department of Marine Resources - Saint Kitts and Nevis
Mandate: Management.  
Area of Competence: Saint Kitts and Nevis
Maritime Area: National waters; Exclusive Economic Zone Areas (EEZ).  
Management Regime
Management Methods

Conservation and Management with focus on Spawner and Juvenile protection - Binding

  • Aquatic species-related measures
    Minimum carapace size, no berried females
  • Gear-related measures
    Fish trap mesh size
  • Fishing activity-related measures
    Size limits
Status and Trends
Fluctuating (2017)
Source of Information
Department of Marine Resources Report. Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Marine Resources, Basseterre, St, Kitts. Personal Communication, September, 2020.  Click to open
FAO. Fishery and Aquaculture Country Profiles. Saint Kitts and Nevis (2006). Country Profile Fact Sheets. In: FAO Fisheries Division [Online]. Rome. Updated 1 December 2006. [Cited 6 August 2020].  Click to open
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