Fisheries and Resources Monitoring System

Saint Kitts and Nevis Spiny lobster fishery
Fishery  Fact Sheet
Fishery Resources Report 2016
Saint Kitts and Nevis Spiny lobster fishery
Fact Sheet Citation  
Spiny lobster
Owned byFood and Agriculture Organization (FAO) – more>>

Overview: The Caribbean spiny lobster is part of the reef fishery but has been separated for management due to its importance to the economy and very long life cycle. Lobsters are taken in the same traps that catch reef fish. Lobsters are therefore fished all year round. (FAO, 2003).

Location of Saint Kitts and Nevis Spiny lobster fishery

Geographic reference:  Saint Kitts and Nevis
Spatial Scale: National
Reference year: 2014
Approach: Fishing Activity

Fishing Activity
Fishing Gear: Pots
Type of production system: Artisanal
Fishery Area: Saint Kitts and Nevis

Seasonality:  All year around …

Harvested Resource
Target Species: Tropical spiny lobsters nei

Means of Production
Vessel Type: Multipurpose vessels
Fishery Indicators
Nominal Effort: Number of vessels
Employment: Number of fishermen
Production: Landed Volume; Landed Value

Fishing Activity
Type of production system: Artisanal   

Fishery Area
Bottom type: Seagrass; Coral reef.   Depth zone: Coastal - Shallow waters, inshore (0 m - 50 m).   Horizontal distribution: Littoral.   Vertical distribution: Demersal/Benthic.  

Geo References
Vessel Type
Multipurpose vessels
Traditional open pirogue

Flag State
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Fishing Gear
 All year around with a peak from 1st September to 30th April.
Trip Duration
1 day
List of fishery Indicators
Fishery Indicators
TypeMeasureValueUnitTime period
Nominal EffortNumber of vessels 315vessels2014
EmploymentNumber of fishermen 630Persons2014
Number of fishermen DOMPersons2014
Number of fishermen KNA)Persons2014
ProductionLanded Volume 14tonnes2014
Landed Value 566288.00XCD$/year2014
Post Harvest
Fish Utilisation
Human consumption
St. Kitts and Nevis
Management unit: Yes

Jurisdictional framework
Management Body/Authority(ies): Department of Marine Resources - Saint Kitts and Nevis
Mandate: Management.  
Area under national jurisdiction: Saint Kitts and Nevis
Maritime Area: Exclusive Economic Zone Areas (EEZ).  
Management Regime
Management Methods

Compliance measures with focus on Juvenile protection - Binding

  • Gear-related measures
    Minimum trap mesh size 2 inches
  • Fishing activity-related measures
    Size limits
Status and Trends
Fluctuating (2014)
Source of Information
Department of Marine Resources Report. Ministry of Agriculture, Co-operatives, Fisheries, Lands and Housing, Bassetterre, St. Kitts. Personal Communication, January, 2016.  Click to open
Report of the CFU/FAO Fisheries Statistics and Data Management Workshop. University of the West Indies, Cave Hill Campus, Barbados, 10-12 March 2003. FAO Fish. Rep. No. 729. Rome, FAO. 2004. 29 p.  Click to open
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