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Saint Kitts and Nevis Oceanic pelagic fishery
Fishery  Fact Sheet
Fishery Resources Report 2016
Saint Kitts and Nevis Oceanic pelagic fishery
Fact Sheet Citation  
Oceanic pelagic fisheries
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Overview: Larger pelagics are harvested by commercial and sport fishermen, mainly by trolling, during the months of January to June. The commercial fishery is conducted with trolling hooks and lines. Most vessels have a crew of 2 or 3, including the captain. Trolling lines are normally 80 – 100 lb test, with a single hook. Artificial lures are sometimes used, especially for tuna and mackerel. Fishers prefer to use ballyhoo or flying fish to catch dolphin fish. Some fishers have been using Fish Aggregation Devices (FADs) in conjunction with longlines to catch Yellowfin tunas. (FAO, 2006).

Location of Saint Kitts and Nevis Oceanic pelagic fishery
 

Geographic reference:  Saint Kitts and Nevis
Spatial Scale: National
Reference year: 2014
Approach: Fishing Activity

Fishing Activity
Fishing Gear: Trolling lines  
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Type of production system: Artisanal
Fishery Area: Saint Kitts and Nevis

Seasonality: All year 

Harvested Resource
Target Species: Mackerels nei; Marlins,sailfishes,etc. nei; Common dolphinfish …  
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Means of Production
Vessel Type: Multipurpose vessels
Fishery Indicators
Nominal Effort: Number of vessels
Employment: Number of fishermen
Production: Landed Volume; Landed Value

Fishing Activity
Type of production system: Artisanal   

Fishery Area
Horizontal distribution: Oceanic.   Vertical distribution: Pelagic.  

Geo References
Fishing Gear
Trolling lines
Longlines (nei)
Trolling line with single hook and lines and longlines with or without FAD.
Vessel Type
Multipurpose vessels
Traditional open pirogue


Crew
2 - 3
Flag State
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Seasonality
All year 
Trip Duration
1 day
List of fishery Indicators
Fishery Indicators
TypeMeasureValueUnitTime period
Nominal EffortNumber of vessels 16vessels2014
EmploymentNumber of fishermen 40Persons2014
ProductionLanded Volume 36.7tonnes2014
Landed Value 959360.00XCD$/year2014
Post Harvest
 
Fish Utilisation
Fresh fish, human consumption
Markets
St. Kitts and Nevis
Management
Management unit: Yes

Jurisdictional framework
Management Body/Authority(ies): Department of Marine Resources - Saint Kitts and Nevis
Mandate: Management.  
Area under national jurisdiction: Saint Kitts and Nevis
Maritime Area: Exclusive Economic Zone Areas (EEZ).  
Management Regime
Management objectives are to promote the sustainable development of the commercial longline and sport fisheries for large pelagic species; to develop capacity for optimizing the catches of large pelagics inhabiting or migrating through the EEZ; to establish management linkages with international regulatory bodies, such as ICCAT, in order to access vital information to properly manage these resources. Currently there are no regulations controlling the harvest of large pelagics for commercial fishing within national waters, but attention is normally paid to the management recommendations from ICCAT. Catches of pelagics are seasonal. 
Management Methods

Compliance measures - Not Binding

Status and Trends
 
Fluctuating (2014)
Source of Information
 
Department of Marine Resources Report. Ministry of Agriculture, Co-operatives, Fisheries, Lands and Housing, Bassetterre, St. Kitts. Personal Communication, January, 2016.  Click to openhttp://dmrskn.com/
Bibliography
 
Fishery and Aquaculture Country Profile of Saint Kitts and Nevis. FAO. September, 2006.  Click to open/fishery/docs/DOCUMENT/fcp/en/FI_CP_KN.pdf 
Report of the CFU/FAO Fisheries Statistics and Data Management Workshop. University of the West Indies, Cave Hill Campus, Barbados, 10-12 March 2003. FAO Fish. Rep. No. 729. Rome, FAO. 2004. 29 p.  Click to openhttp://www.fao.org/tempref/docrep/fao/006/y5402e/y5402e00.pdf
Heyliger, S.J. 2002. National Report of Saint Kitts. In: First Meeting of the WECAFC Ad Hoc Working Group on the Development of Sustainable Moored Fish Aggregating Device Fishing in the Lesser Antilles. Le Robert, Martinique, 811 October 2001. FAO Fish. Rep. 683.  Click to openhttp://www.fao.org/tempref/docrep/fao/005/y3989e/y3989e00.pdf
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