Fisheries and Resources Monitoring System

Saint Lucia Whelk fishery
Fishery  Fact Sheet
WECAFC Fishery Resources Report 2016
Saint Lucia Whelk fishery
Fact Sheet Citation  
Whelk fishery
Owned byFood and Agriculture Organization (FAO) – more>>

Overview: The Welk fishery is artisanal in nature and harvesting takes place around the island but predominantly on the east coast (TN, 2012).

Location of Saint Lucia Whelk fishery

Geographic reference:  Saint Lucia
Spatial Scale: National
Reference year: 2012
Approach: Fishing Activity

Fishing Activity
Fishing Gear: Gear nei
Type of production system: Subsistence; Commercial; Artisanal
Fishery Area: Saint Lucia

Seasonality: March to December …

Harvested Resource
Target Species: West Indian top shell
Associated Species: Jonah crabs, rock crabs nei; Spiny lobsters nei; Caribbean reef octopus …  

Means of Production
Vessel Type: Other fishing vessels
Fishery Indicators
Employment: Number of fishermen
Production: Catch; Ex-vessel price

Fishing Activity
Type of production system: Subsistence; Commercial; Artisanal   

Fishery Area
Bottom type: Hard rocky bottom.   Depth zone: Coastal Intertidal.   Horizontal distribution: Littoral.   Vertical distribution: Demersal/Benthic.  

Geo References
Vessel Type
Other fishing vessels
Few fishermen utilize vessels.

2 to 16 persons per group.
Flag State
Saint Lucia
Fishing Gear
Gear nei
Hand collection from free diving using mask, snorkel and possibly fins, wading or climbing on rocks.
Related Fisheries - Fishery(ies) switching activity seasonally or targeting the same stock
Saint Lucia Sea urchin fishery
March to December (peaks in July to September).
Anse Ger, Anse La Raye, Canaries, Choiseul, Dennery, Gros Islet, Laborie, Micoud, Soufriere, Vieux Fort (Dennery and Anse Ger on the windward coasts are most popular operation sites); formal landing sites are used only by those fishers who use boats, these are in the minority.
Trip Duration
from 1 to 6 hours
Fisherfolks Community
Saint Lucia nationals
List of fishery Indicators
Fishery Indicators
TypeMeasureValueUnitTime period
EmploymentNumber of fishermen 1346Persons2012
ProductionCatch About 166 whelks per fisher per trip from July to September 2012tonnesJul - Sep 2012
Ex-vessel price1.84 US per heap of about 3-5 large-size whelksUSDJuly - September 2012
Post Harvest
Management unit: No

Jurisdictional framework
Management Body/Authority(ies): Fisheries Department of Saint Lucia 
Area of Competence: Saint Lucia
Maritime Area: National waters.  
Source of Information
Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Agriculture, Food Production, Fisheries, Co-operatives and Rural Development, Saint Lucia. Personal communication, January 2016.  Click to open
Nelson, T. and H. A. Oxenford The Whelk (Cittarium pica) fishery of Saint Lucia: description and contribution to the fisheries sector. Proceedings of the Gulf and Caribbean Fisheries Institute Vol. 65 pp. 61 - 68 Santa Marta, Colombia 2012.  Click to open
powered by FIGIS  © FAO, 2021
Powered by FIGIS