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Saint Lucia Queen conch fishery
Fishery  Fact Sheet
WECAFC Fishery Resources Report 2020
Saint Lucia Queen conch fishery
Fact Sheet Citation  
Conch fishery
Owned byFood and Agriculture Organization (FAO) – more>>

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Overview: The queen conch (Strombus gigas) is one of the single species nearshore fisheries of Saint Lucia. For the most part, fishers harvest stocks using SCUBA gear. However, conch is still harvested with gill nets and by free diving in areas along the west and southwest coasts. The second most valuable fishery in St. Lucia valuing 2.2 million in 2019 .

Location of Saint Lucia Queen conch fishery
 

Geographic reference:  Saint Lucia
Spatial Scale: National
Reference year: 2019
Approach: Fishing Activity

Fishing Activity
Fishing Gear: Gear nei  
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Type of production system: Commercial; Artisanal; Subsistence
Fishery Area: Saint Lucia

Seasonality: All year (peak …

Harvested Resource
Target Species: Queen conch

Means of Production
Vessel Type: Other fishing vessels
Fishery Indicators
Nominal Effort: Number of vessels
Employment: Number of fishermen
Production: Landed Volume; Landed Value

Fishing Activity
Type of production system: Commercial; Artisanal; Subsistence   

Fishery Area
Climatic zone: Tropical.   Bottom type: Soft bottom gravel-sandy.   Depth zone: Coastal - Shallow waters, inshore (0 m - 50 m).   Horizontal distribution: Neritic.   Vertical distribution: Demersal/Benthic.  

Geo References
Resources Exploited
Queen conch - Saint Lucia
Vessel Type
Other fishing vessels
Undecked - pirogue; canoe or shaloop; sizes range between 5 and 9 m; engine capacity between 40 and 250 Hp (outboard).


Crew
3-4
Flag State
Saint Lucia
Fishing Gear
Gear nei
Gillnets and entangling nets (nei)
Traps
Hand collection from free diving or diving with SCUBA. 
Related Fisheries - Fishery(ies) switching activity seasonally or targeting the same stock
Saint Lucia Flyingfish fishery
Saint Lucia Lobster fishery
Saint Lucia Large pelagic fishery
Seasonality
All year (peak September to June)

Environmental limitations

Weather conditions, depths.
Ports
Dennery, Savannes Bay, Gros Islet, Micoud and Laborie.
Trip Duration
1 day
Fisherfolks Community
Fishermen of Dennery, Savannes Bay, Gros Islet and Laborie. 
List of fishery Indicators
Fishery Indicators
TypeMeasureValueUnitTime period
Nominal EffortNumber of vessels 106vessels2014
Number of vessels 273vessels2019
EmploymentNumber of fishermen 408Persons2014
Number of fishermen 1215 in registryPersons2019
Number of fishermen 292 captured during annual vessel licensePersons2019
ProductionLanded Volume 39.41 (Dirty meat - 5.3)tonnes2011
Landed Volume 62.59 (Dirty meat - 5.3)tonnes2012
Landed Volume 81.59 (Dirty meat - 5.3)tonnes2013
Landed Volume 71.89 (Dirty meat - 5.3)tonnes2014
Landed Volume 96.82 (Dirty meat - 5.3)tonnes2015
Landed Volume 91.74 (Dirty meat - 5.3)tonnes2016
Landed Volume 98.58 (Dirty meat - 5.3)tonnes2017
Landed Volume 74.61 (Dirty meat - 5.3)tonnes2018
Landed Volume 68.91 (Dirty meat - 5.3)tonnes2019
Landed Value 1293.409XCD 10002011
Landed Value 2045.528XCD 10002012
Landed Value 2658.471XCD 10002013
Landed Value 2303.555XCD 10002014
Landed Value 3150.676XCD 10002015
Landed Value 2996.117XCD 10002016
Landed Value 3207.992XCD 10002017
Landed Value 2433.436XCD 10002018
Landed Value 2211.768XCD 10002019
Post Harvest
 
Fish Utilisation
Ornaments, jewellery, food.
Markets
Local
Management
Management unit: Yes

Jurisdictional framework
Management Body/Authority(ies): Fisheries Department of Saint Lucia; Caribbean Regional Fisheries Mechanism
Mandate: Management.  
Area under national jurisdiction: Saint Lucia
Maritime Area: Exclusive Economic Zone Areas (EEZ).  
Management Regime
Management Methods

Fisheries Act (No. 10 of 1984) and Fisheries Regulations (No. 9 of 1994) which are based on the Organization of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS) harmonized legislation. Plan for Managing the Fisheries of St. Lucia (1999); with focus on Fish size limits - Binding

Minimum size limits (180 mm total shell length; 1 kg total weight; 280 g meat weight excluding digestive glands); prohibition on harvesting immature conch (without a flared lip); conch is required to be landed whole or in the shell to verify flared lip and closed season (this measure not yet implemented). A catch limit of 10 conch per person per trip is imposed on the sport fishery.
  • Aquatic species-related measures
    Spawner/juvenile protection
  • Fishing activity-related measures
    Licenses
Status and Trends
 
Conch landing has gradually decreased from 2017 to 2019. 
Source of Information
 
Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Agriculture, Food Production, Fisheries, Co-operatives and Rural Development, Saint Lucia. Personal communication, July 2020.  Click to openhttp://www.malff.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=48&Itemid=55
Bibliography
 
Scott, S. National Report of Saint Lucia. pp. 38 -50 in: CRFM. 2013. Report of Ninth Annual CRFM Scientific Meeting – Kingstown, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, 10-14 June 2013 - National Reports. CRFM Fishery Report – 2013. Volume 1, Suppl. 1, 61 pp.  Click to openhttp://www.crfm.net/images/documents/miscellaneous/Agenda%20Item%209.1%20-%20Ref%20Doc%20-%20CRFM%202013b%20Ninth%20Scientific%20Meeting%20Report%20Vol%201%20Suppl%201.pdf
National Report of Saint Lucia, pp. 33 - 38. In: CRFM. 2012. Report of Eighth Annual Scientific Meeting – Kingstown, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, 20 - 30 June 2012 - National Reports. CRFM Fishery Report – 2012. Volume 1, Suppl. 1, 54 pp.  Click to openhttp://www.crfm.net/images/CRFM_Fishery_Report_-_2012_Volume_1_Supplement_1.pdf
Conch resource assessment study. 2008.  Click to openhttp://www.fao.org/3/a-a1121e.pdf
Saint Lucia (National Report), pp. 141 - 151 in: Regional Workshop on the Monitoring and Management of Queen Conch, Strombus gigas. Kingston, Jamaica, 1–5 May 2006. FAO Fisheries Report. No. 832. Rome, 2007. 174 pp.
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