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Southern Ocean Krill fishery - Southwest Atlantic (Subareas 48.1, 48.2, 48.3 and 48.4)
Fishery  Fact Sheet
Fishery report 2021
Southern Ocean Krill fishery - Southwest Atlantic (Subareas 48.1, 48.2, 48.3 and 48.4)
Fact Sheet Citation  
Fishery for Euphausia superba in Subareas 48.1, 48.2, 48.3 and 48.4
Owned byCommission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR) – more>>
Fishery life cycleThis fishery started in 1961/2.

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Overview: The commercial fishery for Antarctic krill (Euphausia superba) was initiated in 1961/62 when 47 tonnes were taken by two research vessels from the USSR. During the following decade, small catches of krill were reported by the USSR as part of the research phase of the fishery development. A multivessel multination fishery for krill was active by the early to mid-1970s.

Location of Southern Ocean Krill fishery - Southwest Atlantic (Subareas 48.1, 48.2, 48.3 and 48.4)
 

Geographic reference:  Southern Ocean
Spatial Scale: Regional
Reference year: 2020
Approach: Fishery Management Unit

Jurisdictional framework
Management Body/Authority(ies): Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR)
Mandate: Scientific Advice; Management;
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Area of Competence: CCAMLR area of competence
Maritime Area: High seas

Harvested Resource
Target Species: Antarctic krill
Associated Species: Crocodile icefishes nei; Antarctic rockcods, noties nei
Fishery Area: Subareas 48.1, 48.2, 48.3 and 48.4; Atlantic Antarctic / 48.1; Atlantic Antarctic / 48.2; Atlantic Antarctic / 48.3; Atlantic Antarctic / 48.4;
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Fishery Indicators
Nominal Effort: Number of vessels
Production: Catch

Harvested Resource
Type of production system: Commercial   

Fishery Area
Climatic zone: Polar.   Depth zone: Shelf (50 m - 200 m); Slope - Upperslope (200 m - 500 m).   Horizontal distribution: Oceanic.   Vertical distribution: Pelagic.  

Geo References for: Subareas 48.1, 48.2, 48.3 and 48.4
Vessel Type

Trawlers


Catch Handling and Processing Equipment
Factory
Crew
50
Flag State
Chile
China
Korea, Republic of
Norway
Ukraine
Seasonality
All year (CCAMLR season is from 1st of December to 30th of November).

Environmental limitations

Refer to CCAMLR Conservation Measures
Trip Duration
40-120 days
List of fishery Indicators
Fishery Indicators
TypeMeasureValueUnitTime period
Nominal EffortNumber of vessels 12vessels2020
Number of vessels 10vessels2019
Number of vessels 9vessels2018
Number of vessels 9vessels2017
Number of vessels 12vessels2016
Number of vessels 12vessels2015
Number of vessels 12vessels2014
Number of vessels 12vessels2013
Number of vessels 12vessels2012
Number of vessels 13vessels2011
Number of vessels 10vessels2010
Number of vessels 7vessels2009
Number of vessels 8vessels2008
Number of vessels 6vessels2007
Number of vessels 8vessels2006
Number of vessels 9vessels2005
Number of vessels 10vessels2004
Number of vessels 9vessels2003
Number of vessels 7vessels2002
Number of vessels 7vessels2001
Number of vessels 11vessels2000
ProductionCatch 450781tonnes2020
Catch 390168tonnes2019
Catch 312731tonnes2018
Catch 236938tonnes2017
Catch 260149tonnes2016
Catch 225632tonnes2015
Catch 294145tonnes2014
Catch 216050tonnes2013
Catch 161238tonnes2012
Catch 181011tonnes2011
Catch 213656tonnes2010
Catch 125706tonnes2009
Catch 149016tonnes2008
Catch 104728tonnes2007
Catch 108583tonnes2006
Catch 127818tonnes2005
Catch 119979tonnes2004
Catch 115793tonnes2003
Catch 105585tonnes2002
Catch 93050tonnes2001
Catch 113262tonnes2000
Post Harvest
 
Fish Utilisation
Pharmaceutical, frozen, meal
Management
Management unit: Yes

Legal definition
Conservation Measure 51-01 and related measures
Jurisdictional framework
Mandate: Scientific Advice; Management; Monitoring; Control and surveillance.  
Area of Competence: CCAMLR area of competence
Maritime Area: High seas.  
Management Regime
Ecosystem-based, precautionary approach
Management Methods

Ecosystem-Based Fisheries Management (EBFM) with focus on Conservation of living marine resources - Binding

Acoustic biomass surveys, Krill yield model, CCAMLR decision rules. Refer to CCAMLR Conservation Measures (see Source of Information). 
  • Aquatic species-related measures
    The limits on the fishery for krill in Area 48 is 620 000 t (CCAMLR FISHERY REPORT). The same provisions apply for the fishery for krill in Divisions 58.4.1 and 58.4.2, with the exception of the catch limits that are specified in Conservation Measures 51-02 and 51-03.
Status and Trends
 
Type of Fishery: Established. The history of catches in the krill fishery (Fig. 2) shows the initial increase in catches followed by a sudden decrease in 1983 and 1984, associated with technical difficulties in the fishery (Budzinski et al., 1985) and/or with an ecosystem anomaly that also impacted the reproductive performance of krill predators at South Georgia in 1984 (Priddle et al., 1988). The large drop in catches from 1992 to 1993 reflects the redeployment of the eastern bloc far-seas fisheries fleet following the dissolution of the USSR. The increase in catches since 2010 is largely driven by catches by Norway, and, the catch in Area 48 in 2020 was the largest catch reported from that Area. 
Source of Information
 
CCAMLR. 2021. Fishery Report 2020: Euphausia superba in Area 48.  Click to openhttps://fishdocs.ccamlr.org/FishRep_48_KRI_2020.pdf
Bibliography
 
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