Fisheries and Resources Monitoring System

Iran Dhows trawl shrimp fishery - Gulf Iranian waters
Fishery  Fact Sheet
RECOFI Fisheries Reports 2012
Iran Dhows trawl shrimp fishery - Gulf Iranian waters
Fact Sheet Citation  
الف) صيد ترال ميگو توسط لنج ها
Owned byFood and Agriculture Organization (FAO) – more>>

Location of Iran Dhows trawl shrimp fishery - Gulf Iranian waters

Geographic reference:  Iran
Spatial Scale: National
Reference year: 2012
Approach: Fishing Activity

Fishing Activity
Fishing Gear: Beam trawls  

Type of production system: Artisanal
Fishery Area: Gulf Iranian waters; Gulf subarea; Iran (Islamic Rep. of)

Seasonality: About one month: …

Harvested Resource
Target Species: Jinga shrimp; Kiddi shrimp; Indian white prawn …  

Means of Production
Vessel Type: Stern trawlers  

Fishery Indicators
Nominal Effort: Number of vessels
Employment: Number of fishermen
Production: Landed Volume

Table of Contents
Fishing Activity - Management - Bibliography
Fishing Activity
Type of production system: Artisanal   

Fishery Area
Climatic zone: Tropical.   Bottom type: Soft bottom muddy or muddy-sand.   Depth zone: Coastal - Shallow waters, inshore (0 m - 50 m).   Horizontal distribution: Littoral; Neritic.   Vertical distribution: Demersal/Benthic.  

More specific depth range: 0-60m

Geo References for: Gulf Iranian waters
Associated Species (Bycatch)
Small narrow-barred Spanich mackerel, Small indo-pacific king mackerel, Groupers, Grunts, Tigertooth croaker, Black and white pomfrets, Barracuda, Bigeye croaker, Threadfin bream, Trevally, Flathead, Cuttlefish, Halibut,Flounder,Tongsole
Discarded Species (Bycatch)
Goatfishes, Leiognathids, Small size of commercial fishes
Protected Species (Bycatch)
Sea turtle (quickly released after catch)
Vessel Type
Stern trawlers
Side trawlers
Flag State
Iran (Islamic Rep. of)

Dhows: Wooden, Inboard

Catch Handling and Processing Equipment
Whole fish (Ice, C.S.W.)
Fishing Gear

Beam trawls
About one month: August-September or October-November or December-January

Environmental limitations

Spawning season
Mainly ports in Bushehr, Hormuzgan and Khozestan provinces, rarely in Sistan-Baluchestan province
Trip Duration
1 - 2 weeks
List of fishery Indicators
Fishery Indicators
TypeMeasureValueUnitTime period
Nominal EffortNumber of vessels 2898vessels2010
EmploymentNumber of fishermen 9878 [Estimated total crew]Persons2010
ProductionLanded Volume 11273tonnes2010
Management unit: No

Jurisdictional framework
Management Body/Authority(ies): Iran Fisheries Organization
Mandate: Management.  
Area under national jurisdiction: Iran (Islamic Rep. of)
Maritime Area: Exclusive Economic Zone Areas (EEZ).  
Management Regime
Management Methods

Conservation and management measure with focus on Effort control, Catch control - Binding

  • Aquatic species-related measures
  • Gear-related measures
    Square-Mesh Panel for fishing Dhows is used
  • Vessel-related measures
    Engine Power limitation, Fishing license control, Time-Area closure
  • Fishing activity-related measures
    Temporal fishing season, CPUE limitation
Biomass estimation and stock assessment of demersal resources in the Persian Gulf and Oman Sea. Final report, Iranian Fisheries Research Organization. Valinassab T., 2012. 352p.
Catch and Fishery statististics. Iran Fishery Organization. Planning and Budjet Department, 2011. 60p.
Abundance of demersal resources in the Persian Gulf and Oman Sea. Journal of Marine Biological Associations(JMBA). Valinassab, T., Daryanabard, R., Dehghani, R. and Pierce J.G., 2006.
Shrimp resources (Penaeus semisulcatus) in the Bushehr province waters-Persian Gulf. Moradi, G., 2012.
Shrimp resources (Metapenaeus affinis) in the Khuzestan province waters-Persian Gulf. Ansari, H., 2012.
Shrimp resources (Penaeus meguiensis) in the Hormuzgan province aters-Persian Gulf. Momeni, M., 2012.
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