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Northwest Atlantic NAFO high seas shrimp fisheries
Fishery  Fact Sheet
Conservation and Enforcement Measures 2013
Northwest Atlantic NAFO high seas shrimp fisheries
Fact Sheet Citation  
Owned byNorthwest Atlantic Fisheries Organization (NAFO) – more>>

Overview: The high shrimp fishery comprises of two stocks: Flemish Cap (3M) shrimps and Grand Bank (3LNO) shrimps. The Grand Bank fishery mainly takes place in Div. 3L There is a moratorium on the shrimp fishery in Div. 3M (Flemish Cap) In 2013 the main countries that fished were Canada, Faroe Islands, Latvia

Location of Northwest Atlantic NAFO high seas shrimp fisheries
 

Geographic reference:  Northwest Atlantic
Spatial Scale: Regional
Reference year: 2013
Approach: Fishery Management Unit

Jurisdictional framework
Management Body/Authority(ies): Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Organization (NAFO)
Mandate: Scientific Advice; Management;
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Area of Competence: NAFO area of competence
Maritime Area: High seas

Harvested Resource
Target Species: Northern prawn
Fishery Area: Atlantic, Northwest / 21.3.L; Atlantic, Northwest / 21.3.M; Atlantic, Northwest / 21.3.N; Atlantic, Northwest / 21.3.O;
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Fishery Indicators
Catch

Harvested Resource
Type of production system: Industrial   

Fishery Area
Climatic zone: Temperate.   Depth zone: Slope (200 m - 1000 m).   Horizontal distribution: Oceanic.   Vertical distribution: Demersal.  

Geo References
Fleet segment
Vessel Type
Trawlers
Flag State
Canada
Denmark
Latvia

*Denmark in respect of Faroe Islands and Greenland.
Fishing Gear

Fishery Indicators
TypeMeasureValueUnitTime period
Catch 9994ton2012
Ecosystem Assessment
 
See the NAFO Scientific Council Reports for an environmental overview.
Management
Management unit: Yes

Jurisdictional framework
Management Body/Authority(ies): Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Organization (NAFO)
Mandate: Scientific Advice; Management; Monitoring; Control and surveillance.  
Area of Competence: NAFO area of competence
Maritime Area: High seas.  
Related Fisheries - Management system
This fishery is managed as part of the management system described in Northwest Atlantic NAFO high seas fisheries.
Status of Management
Assessment Summary

See the Marine Resources Fact Sheets for details of the assessments
Negotiation Process
At Annual Meetings held in September, Contracting Parties negotiate and agree, mostly by consensus, the respective quotas and fishing possibilities.
Management Resolutions
In 2013 the TAC for Shrimp in Div. 3LNO was 8600 t. Fishing is restricted to 3L. Div. 3M was under a moratorium.
Management Problems
The shrimp is controlled by two different schemes: by effort control in 3M, and by TAC in 3LNO. According to at-sea inspectors, vessels tend to underreport shrimp catch from 3L and over-report shrimp catches in 3M.
History
The 3M stock is under effort regulation since 1996. Contracting Parties are allocated fishing days and number of vessels. The 3LNO stock came under TAC regulation in 2000. Fishing in 3LNO is restricted to Division 3L. In 2010, a fishing moratorium was imposed on 3M shrimp. In 2011, the TAC for 3LNO shrimp was reduced from 30 000 to 19 200 t and further reduced in 2012 to 12 000 t. The minimum mesh size of 40 mm and sorting grid of 22-mm attached to the fishing gears to reduce fish bycatch and juvenile catches became mandatory in 1994.
Management Regime
Management Methods
Management methods are covered in the NAFO Conservation and Enforcement Measures (NCEM) which is updated annually. The following articles of the NCEM are specific to shrimps.



Article 9 – Shrimp

Shrimp in Division 3M

1.Each Contracting Party shall limit its shrimp fishing activities in Division 3M in accordance with Annex I B. With regard to shrimp, Division 3M shall be understood to mean Division 3M as well as that portion of Division 3L defined below (in Fig. 1(1)):
Point No. Latitude Longitude
1 47°20'0 46°40'0
2 47°20'0 46°30'0
3 46°00'0 46°30'0
4 46°00'0 46°40'0



2.Subject to allocations set out in Annex I.B as amended from time to time, each Contracting Party that conducted a shrimp fishery in Division 3M in the period beginning 1 January 1993 and ending 31 August 1995 is permitted a minimum of 400 fishing days per year. A Contracting Party without such track record may authorize only one vessel to fish shrimp in Division 3M for a maximum of 100 fishing days per year.

3.Each Contracting Party shall closely monitor its vessels fishing shrimp in Division 3M and shall close its fishery when the number of fishing days available to it has been exhausted. The number of fishing days in respect of each vessel shall be determined using the vessel monitoring system (hereinafter "VMS") reports.

4.A vessel fishing for shrimp and other species on the same trip shall transmit a report to the Executive Secretary signalling the change of fishery. The number of fishing days shall be calculated accordingly.

5.Fishing days referred to in this Article are not transferable between Contracting Parties. Fishing days of one Contracting Party may be utilized by a vessel flying the flag of another Contracting Party only in accordance with Article 23.

6.No vessel shall fish for shrimp in Division 3M between 00:01 UTC on 1 June and 24:00 UTC on 31 December in the following area as depicted in Figure 1(2):


Point No. Latitude Longitude
1 (same as no.7) 47°55'0 45°00'0
2 47°30'0 44°15'0
3 46°55'0 44°15'0
4 46°35'0 44°30'0
5 46°35'0 45°40'0
6 47°30'0 45°40'0
7 (same as no. 1) 47°55'0 45°00'0



Figure 1. 3L 200 meter depth restriction line, portion of 3L considered 3M, and 3M closed area.



Shrimp in Division 3L



7.No vessel shall fish for shrimp in Division 3L at a depth less than 200 meters in an area east of a line bound by the following co-ordinates (illustrated in Figure 1(3)):


Point No Latitude Longitude
1 46°00´00”N 47°49´00”W
2 46°25´00”N 47°27´00”W
3 46°42´00”N 47°25´00”W
4 46°48´00”N 47°25´50”W
5 47°16´50”N 47°43´50”W



8.Each vessel that has fished for shrimp in Division 3L, or its representatives on its behalf, shall provide to the competent port authority at least 24 hours prior notice of its estimated time of arrival and the estimated quantities on board of shrimp by Division.


Source of Information
 
“NAFO Conservation and Enforcement Measures 2013” Click to openhttp://archive.nafo.int/open/fc/2013/fcdoc13-01.pdf
“Scientific Council Reports” Click to openhttp://www.nafo.int/publications/frames/sci-reports.html “Meeting Proceedings of the General Council and Fisheries Commission” Click to openhttp://www.nafo.int/publications/frames/gen-mp.html “NAFO 21A Extraction Tool” Click to openhttp://www.nafo.int/data/frames/extract.html
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