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Northeast Atlantic Mackerel fisheries, 2009
Fishery  Fact Sheet
Management report 2009
Northeast Atlantic Mackerel fisheries, 2009
Fact Sheet Citation  
Mackerel
Owned byNorth-East Atlantic Fisheries Commission (NEAFC) – more>>

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Overview: The main pelagic stocks in the NEAFC Regulatory Area are exploited by large trawlers-purse seiners from all the Contracting Parties of NEAFC.  The fleets move with the season between the three main stocks and the waters under national jurisdiction and the Regulatory Area.
The Coastal States  have agreed management plans for the three stocks as well as harvest control rules. There have been problems in assessments for two of the stocks.In blue whiting there seems to be a regime change with recruitment at a much higher level in recent years. Scientific views on data and stock separation have changed in recent years.
Allocations for the NEAFC Regulatory Area are adopted by NEAFC only after (and if) there is Coastal State agreement regarding allocation amongst the Coastal States.

Location of Northeast Atlantic Mackerel fisheries
 

Geographic reference:  Northeast Atlantic
Spatial Scale: Regional
Approach: Fishery Management Unit

Jurisdictional framework
Management Body/Authority(ies): North-East Atlantic Fisheries Commission (NEAFC)
Mandate: Management; Monitoring;
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Area of Competence: NEAFC area of competence
Maritime Area: High seas

Harvested Resource
Target Species: Atlantic mackerel
Fishery Area: Northeast Atlantic; Atlantic, Northeast / 27.6; Atlantic, Northeast / 27.7; Atlantic, Northeast / 27.8.a; Atlantic, Northeast / 27.8.b;
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Harvested Resource
Type of production system: Industrial   

Fishery Area
Vertical distribution: Pelagic.  

Geo References for: Northeast Atlantic
Fleet segment
The main pelagic stocks in the NEAFC Regulatory Area are exploited by large trawlers-purse seiners from all the Contracting Parties of NEAFC. The fleets move with the season between the three main stocks and the waters under national jurisdiction and the Regulatory Area.
Seasonality
All year round.
Ecosystem Assessment
 
ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF FISHERIES

The four main fisheries in the Regulatory Area - pelagic fishery for redfish, Norwegian spring spawning (Atlanto-Scandian) herring, mackerel and blue whiting -  are unique with respect to their impact on ecosystems.
These pelagic fisheries are pursued with pelagic trawls or purse seines that  do not affect demersal habitats. They are - for all practical purposes - clean fisheries, where target species account for close to 100 % of the catches. They are pursued by large vessels, run by companies under market conditions. Three of them are assessed as being fished at precautionary, sustainable levels of fishing mortality.

If the fisheries are managed according to the precautionary approach,  the risk of over fishing is low – with a correspondingly low risk of irreversible or slowly reversible effects on ecosystems.  This applies in most cases both to target and non-target species.

These large pelagic stocks play an important role by transporting energy from plankton into fish assemblages in other areas and in deep waters.
Management
Management unit: Yes

The fishery is regulated under NEAFC jurisdictional framework / management regime.


History
A detailed history of management is found in Appendix III and IV in the Report of the NEAFC Performance Review (NEAFC 2006).
Jurisdictional framework
Management Body/Authority(ies): North-East Atlantic Fisheries Commission (NEAFC)
Mandate: Management; Monitoring; Control and surveillance.  
Area of Competence: NEAFC area of competence
Maritime Area: High seas.  
NEAFC Regulatory Area. Based on NEAFC VMS database. Prepared by Dr Jason Hall-Spencer.
Related Fisheries - Management system
This fishery is managed as part of the management system described in Northeast Atlantic NEAFC high seas fisheries.
Status of Management
Assessment Summary

At NEAFC’s Annual Meeting in 2008 ICES noted that spawning stock biomass in all the three large pelagic stocks, Norwegian spring spawning (Atlanto-Scandian) herring, blue whiting and mackerel, are all in good shape, above precautionary levels, but there was concern of the low level of recruitment for blue whiting recently, which would drive the stock down if TACs were not significantly reduced.


Resources Assessed
Assessment advice provided by ICES: Mackerel - West European Basin and Norwegian Sea
Negotiation Process
Coastal States - NEAFC
Management Resolutions
Recommendation I: 2009
RECOMMENDATION BY THE NORTH EAST ATLANTIC FISHERIES COMMISSION IN ACCORDANCE WITH ARTICLE 5 OF THE CONVENTION ON FUTURE MULTILATERAL COOPERATION IN NORTH-EAST ATLANTIC FISHERIES AT ITS ANNUAL MEETING IN NOVEMBER 2008 TO ADOPT MANAGEMENT MEASURES FOR MACKEREL IN THE NEAFC CONVENTION AREA IN 2009

The Contracting Parties have agreed as follows:

1. An allowable catch of 57,884 tonnes of mackerel is established for 2009 in areas beyond fisheries jurisdiction of the Contracting Parties in ICES Sub-areas and Divisions IIa, V, VI, VII and XII.

2. This allowable catch is established in order to ensure compatibility with the management measures adopted by the relevant coastal states. In this context, the European Community, the Faroe Islands and Norway informed NEAFC that a total catch limitation of 511,287 tonnes has been adopted for their mackerel fishery in 2009, part of which may be fished in the area defined above.

3. The allowable catch for 2009 shall be allocated as follows:

Denmark (in respect of the Faroe Islands and Greenland)
European Community
Norway
26,440 tonnes
Iceland 1,738 tonnes
Russian Federation [incl transfer referred to in para 4]

29,706 tonnes


4. The relevant coastal States have agreed to transfer 2,500 tonnes from their joint quota to the Russian Federation in 2009. This quantity will be reduced to 1,500 for 2010 and there will be no additional quantity available in 2011.

5. These allocations may also be fished within areas of national jurisdiction of the Contracting Parties.

6. The allowable catch referred to in paragraph 1 shall for subsequent years, according to the general stock development, be established on the basis of the relationship between the TAC set by the relevant coastal States and the allowable catch set for areas beyond the fisheries jurisdiction of Contracting Parties for 2009.

7. Likewise, the quota allocations referred to in paragraph 3 shall for subsequent years be adjusted according to the general stock development in such a manner that the relative relationship between the quotas allocated is maintained (Joint quota of the relevant coastal states 50%, the Russian Federation 47%, Iceland 3%).

8. The share-out of the joint quota of the relevant coastal States is to be decided between these Parties.

9. Quotas that are transferred to a Contracting Party to be fished within national waters of another Contracting Party may be fished in the areas defined in paragraph 1, subject to agreement between the Contracting Parties concerned.

Management Problems
Change in distribution (herring and mackerel). Shift in recruitment level blue whiting
Management Regime
Management Methods

CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT MEASURES
  • BINDING

    • Effort control: This fishery is regulated by TACs and allocations.


COMPLIANCE MEASURES

Source of Information
 
NEAFC Secratariat “NEAFC Fisheries status report 1998 - 2007” . 2009-06-01.
“Report of the 27th annual meeting of the North-East Atlantic Fisheries Commission 10-14 Novemebr 2008” North East Atlantic Fisheries Commission . Click to openhttp://www.neafc.org/system/files/%252Fhome/neafc/drupal2_files/27neafc_annual_2008_vol1_main-report.pdf
“Recommendation by the North East Atlantic Fisheries Commission: Mackerel.” North East Atlantic Fisheries Commission . Click to openhttp://www.neafc.org/system/files/%252Fhome/neafc/drupal2_files/rec1_mackerel2009.pdf
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