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Northeast Atlantic Blue whiting fisheries, 2009
Fishery  Fact Sheet
Management report 2009
Northeast Atlantic Blue whiting fisheries, 2009
Fact Sheet Citation  
Blue Whiting
Owned byNorth-East Atlantic Fisheries Commission (NEAFC) – more>>

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Overview: The main pelagic stocks in the NEAFC Regulatory Area are exploited by large trawlers-purse seiners from all the Contracting Parties of NEAFC.  The fleets move with the season between the three main stocks and the waters under national jurisdiction and the Regulatory Area.
The Coastal States  have agreed management plans for the three stocks as well as harvest control rules. There have been problems in assessments for two of the stocks.In blue whiting there seems to be a regime change with recruitment at a much higher level in recent years. Scientific views on data and stock separation have changed in recent years.
Allocations for the NEAFC Regulatory Area are adopted by NEAFC only after (and if) there is Coastal State agreement regarding allocation amongst the Coastal States.

Location of Northeast Atlantic Blue whiting fisheries
 

Geographic reference:  Northeast Atlantic
Spatial Scale: Regional
Approach: Fishery Management Unit

Jurisdictional framework
Management Body/Authority(ies): North-East Atlantic Fisheries Commission (NEAFC)
Mandate: Management; Monitoring;
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Area of Competence: NEAFC area of competence
Maritime Area: High seas

Harvested Resource
Target Species: Blue whiting(=Poutassou)
Fishery Area: Northeast Atlantic; Atlantic, Northeast / 27.1; Atlantic, Northeast / 27.2; Atlantic, Northeast / 27.3; Atlantic, Northeast / 27.4;
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Harvested Resource
Type of production system: Industrial   

Fishery Area
Climatic zone: Temperate; Polar.   Vertical distribution: Pelagic.  

Geo References for: Northeast Atlantic
Fleet segment
The main pelagic stocks in the NEAFC Regulatory Area are exploited by large trawlers-purse seiners from all the Contracting Parties of NEAFC. The fleets move with the season between the three main stocks and the waters under national jurisdiction and the Regulatory Area.
Seasonality
All year round.
Ecosystem Assessment
 
ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF FISHERIES

The four main fisheries in the Regulatory Area - pelagic fishery for redfish, Norwegian spring spawning (Atlanto-Scandian) herring, mackerel and blue whiting -  are unique with respect to their impact on ecosystems.
These pelagic fisheries are pursued with pelagic trawls or purse seines that  do not affect demersal habitats. They are - for all practical purposes - clean fisheries, where target species account for close to 100 % of the catches. They are pursued by large vessels, run by companies under market conditions. Three of them are assessed as being fished at precautionary, sustainable levels of fishing mortality.

If the fisheries are managed according to the precautionary approach,  the risk of over fishing is low – with a correspondingly low risk of irreversible or slowly reversible effects on ecosystems.  This applies in most cases both to target and non-target species.

These large pelagic stocks play an important role by transporting energy from plankton into fish assemblages in other areas and in deep waters.
Management
Management unit: Yes

The fishery is regulated under NEAFC jurisdictional framework / management regime.

History
A detailed history of management is found in Appendix III and IV in the Report of the NEAFC Performance Review (NEAFC 2006).
Jurisdictional framework
Management Body/Authority(ies): North-East Atlantic Fisheries Commission (NEAFC)
Mandate: Management; Monitoring; Control and surveillance.  
Area of Competence: NEAFC area of competence
Maritime Area: High seas.  
NEAFC Regulatory Area. Based on NEAFC VMS database. Prepared by Dr Jason Hall-Spencer.
Related Fisheries - Management system
This fishery is managed as part of the management system described in Northeast Atlantic NEAFC high seas fisheries.
Status of Management
Assessment Summary
At NEAFC’s Annual Meeting in 2008 ICES noted that spawning stock biomass in all the three large pelagic stocks, Norwegian spring spawning (Atlanto-Scandian) herring, blue whiting and mackerel, are all in good shape, above precautionary levels, but there was concern of the low level of recruitment for blue whiting recently, which would drive the stock down if TACs were not significantly reduced.
Resources Assessed
Assessment advice provided by ICES: Blue whiting - Northeast Atlantic
Negotiation Process
Coastal States - NEAFC
Management Resolutions
Recommendation II: 2009

RECOMMENDATION BY THE NORTH_EAST ATLANTIC FISHERIES COMMISSION IN ACCORDANCE WITH ARTICLE 5 OF THE CONVENTION ON FUTURE MULTILATERAL COOPERATION IN NORTH-EAST ATLANTIC FISHERIES AT ITS ANNUAL MEETING IN NOVEMBER 2008 ON CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT MEASURES FOR BLU WHITING IN THE NEAFC CONVENTION AREA IN 2009

1. NEAFC takes note of the Agreed Record of Conclusion of Fisheries Consultations between the Faroe Islands, the European Community, Iceland and Norway on the Management of Blue Whiting in the North-East Atlantic in 2009 signed in London, 11 November 2008.

2. NEAFC further notes that by way of the said Agreed Record, the aforementioned Parties agreed to restrict their fishery on the Blue Whiting Stock in 2009 according to a total catch limitation of 543,043 tonnes.

3. The Contracting Parties recommend the following measures:

a. In order to ensure consistency and compatibility with the said Agreed Record, the Contracting Parties hereby establish an allowable catch limitation of 85,786 tonnes of Blue Whiting for 2009 in waters beyond the areas under national fisheries jurisdiction of the Contracting Parties.
b. This allowable catch limitation shall be allocated as follows:

Denmark in respect of:

Faroe Islands 10,047 tonnes (*)
Greenland 3,194 tonnes
European Community 11,947 tonnes (*)
Iceland 6,788 tonnes (*)
Norway 10,047 tonnes (*)
Russian Federation 43,763 tonnes

(*) Catches taken under these allocations shall be deducted from quotas allocated to Parties to the Agreed Record referred to in paragraph 2.

4. The Contracting Parties agree that the relative shares established under paragraphs 2 and 3 are fixed for the future management of blue whiting in the NEAFC context. In addition to these fixed shares, the Russian Federation is granted a quantity of 16,237 tonnes for 2009. This quantity will be reduced in 2010 to 8,000 tonnes and in 2011 to 4,000 tonnes. There will be no additional quantity available in 2012.

5. The national quotas referred to in Annex I of the Agreed Record referred to in paragraph 2 may be fished in the areas defined in paragraph 3 a.

6. Quotas that are transferred to a Contracting Party to be fished within national waters of another Contracting Party may be fished in the areas defined in paragraph 3 a, subject to agreement between the Contracting Parties concerned.
Management Problems
Change in distribution (herring and mackerel). Shift in recruitment level blue whiting
Management Regime
Management Methods

CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT MEASURES
  • BINDING

    • Effort control: This fishery is regulated by TACs and allocations.


COMPLIANCE MEASURES

Source of Information
 
NEAFC Secratariat “NEAFC Fisheries status report 1998 - 2007” . 2009-06-01.
“Report of the 27th annual meeting of the North-East Atlantic Fisheries Commission 10-14 Novemebr 2008” North East Atlantic Fisheries Commission . Click to openhttp://www.neafc.org/system/files/%252Fhome/neafc/drupal2_files/27neafc_annual_2008_vol1_main-report.pdf
“Recommendation by the North East Atlantic Fisheries Commission: Blue Whiting.” North East Atlantic Fisheries Commission . 2009-01-01 Click to openhttp://www.neafc.org/system/files/%252Fhome/neafc/drupal2_files/rec2_bluewhiting2009.pdf
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