Three selected landing sites from three coastal areas were chosen for the study on shark fishries in Cambodia: 1) Kampong Bay in Kampot province, 2) Tomnob Rolork in Sihanoukville and 3) Koh Sdach in Koh Kong province.
Kampong Bay, located in Kampot province has 340 fishing boats ranging from small to middle scale gear. Shark landings in this area are mainly as by-catch, caught with trawls from 33 hp boats, gillnets and hook and line. These sharks are kept for family consumption, or to be dried. Large sharks are sold to fish merchants for extra income. The survey found that there is one specific gear designed for taking sharks, shark gillnet. This implies that there is a sustenance or commercial shark fishery, however no further information was found on this.
Tomnob Rolork, is the largest landing port in coastal areas which located in Sihanoukville municipality. 80 % of families who are living in this area are fishermen and it has about 957 fishing boats, with trawl, purse seine, gillnet, long-line and traps operating either in Sihanoukville water or other location nearby. Sharks are usually caught in this area as accidental by-catch as well, by trawls, gillnets, and hooklines.
Koh Sdach, Koh Kong Province has 300 local fishing boats. With fishing gear ranging from small scale hook and line, gillnet, and traps. To commercial scale trawl nets. Sharks are caught in this area by trawl, gillnet and hookline. There are about 45 fishing vessels applying trawl nets in this area. Sharks are generally not a target species, caught accidentally by 4-5 fishing gears, longline, gillnets, traps and trawlers. There are two kinds of boats, long-tailed with engine capacity of 11-13 Hp and trawling boats with an engine capacity of 33-200Hp.
Two kinds of boats are the majorities, namely long-tailed boats with engine capacity of 11-13Hp and trawling boats with engine capacity of 33 to 200 Hp, which allow operating in fishing ground with water dept from 20 m to up).
Sharks, generally, are not targeted specie, which mostly caught by accident by several fishing gears. In facts, there are main four to five fishing gears, namely long line fishing, gillnets (fish and crab net), Grouper traps, and trawlers.Pair trawls (not specified)
Environmental limitations to fishing: monsoon.