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Cambodia Shark Fisheries
Fishery  Fact Sheet
Status and trends of sharks fisheries in SouthEast Asia 2004
Cambodia Shark Fisheries
Fact Sheet Citation  
Outcomes from the Study on Shark Fisheries in Southeast Asia: Cambodia
Owned bySoutheast Asian Fisheries Development Center (SEAFDEC) – more>>

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Overview: The Department of Fisheries of Cambodia has been considering sharks as non-target species and usually caught by accident with several gears such long-line fishing, gill nets (fish and crab net), and trawlers. In general, the sizes of the sharks caught are small, but in big amount in the wet season, and they occur in various habitats from open oceans to brackish water such as inshore estuaries and sometime some were also found in freshwater.

Location of Cambodia Shark Fisheries
 

Geographic reference:  Cambodia
Spatial Scale: National
Reference year: 2004
Approach: Fishery Resource

Harvested Resource
Fishery Area: Cambodia

Captured Species: Zebra shark; Brownbanded bambooshark; Grey bambooshark …  
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Harvested Resource
Type of production system: Commercial; Artisanal; Semi-industrial   

Fishery Area
Climatic zone: Tropical.  

Geo References
Ports
Three selected landing sites from three coastal areas were chosen for the study on shark fishries in Cambodia: 1) Kampong Bay in Kampot province, 2) Tomnob Rolork in Sihanoukville and 3) Koh Sdach in Koh Kong province.

Kampong Bay, located in Kampot province has 340 fishing boats ranging from small to middle scale gear. Shark landings in this area are mainly as by-catch, caught with trawls from 33 hp boats, gillnets and hook and line. These sharks are kept for family consumption, or to be dried. Large sharks are sold to fish merchants for extra income. The survey found that there is one specific gear designed for taking sharks, shark gillnet. This implies that there is a sustenance or commercial shark fishery, however no further information was found on this.

Tomnob Rolork, is the largest landing port in coastal areas which located in Sihanoukville municipality. 80 % of families who are living in this area are fishermen and it has about 957 fishing boats, with trawl, purse seine, gillnet, long-line and traps operating either in Sihanoukville water or other location nearby. Sharks are usually caught in this area as accidental by-catch as well, by trawls, gillnets, and hooklines.

Koh Sdach, Koh Kong Province has 300 local fishing boats. With fishing gear ranging from small scale hook and line, gillnet, and traps. To commercial scale trawl nets. Sharks are caught in this area by trawl, gillnet and hookline. There are about 45 fishing vessels applying trawl nets in this area. Sharks are generally not a target species, caught accidentally by 4-5 fishing gears, longline, gillnets, traps and trawlers. There are two kinds of boats, long-tailed with engine capacity of 11-13 Hp and trawling boats with an engine capacity of 33-200Hp.
Vessel Type
Two kinds of boats are the majorities, namely long-tailed boats with engine capacity of 11-13Hp and trawling boats with engine capacity of 33 to 200 Hp, which allow operating in fishing ground with water dept from 20 m to up).
Flag State
Cambodia
Fishing Gear
Sharks, generally, are not targeted specie, which mostly caught by accident by several fishing gears. In facts, there are main four to five fishing gears, namely long line fishing, gillnets (fish and crab net), Grouper traps, and trawlers.

Semipelagic trawls
Seasonality
Environmental limitations to fishing: monsoon.
Post Harvest
 
Fish Utilisation
Generally, Sharks were used in both fresh (for shark soup) and processed product. Locally, Sharks and rays were processed to be dried product for only country supply, and the dried sharks were only processed while the numbers of sharks were abundant with cheaper price. The cost of such processing product was about 15,000 Riels, was about US$3.80.
Management
Management unit: No

Jurisdictional framework
Management Body/Authority(ies): Department of Fisheries, Cambodia
Mandate: Management.  
Area of Competence: Cambodia
Maritime Area: Exclusive Economic Zone Areas (EEZ).  
Management Methods

Management measures

Fish species-related measures
According to the fisheries law of the Kingdom of Cambodia, any fishing activities relating to endangered species as listed in the endangered species list were strictly banned. One shark species, namely whale shark (Rhincodon typus), is included in the list of endangered species of Cambodia. Development of the National Plan of Action on Conservation and Management of Shark (NPOA-Shark) is also underway.
Source of Information
 
Information on shark fisheries in Cambodia was collected under the one year study on shark fisheries in the ASEAN region, conducted by SEAFDEC in collaboration with eight Member Countries, namely Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam. The study aims to develop standard method for information collection on shark fisheries, to be further undertaken by each Member Countries, to support sustainable management and utilization of sharks in the ASEAN region.
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