Fisheries and Resources Monitoring System

Ghana Industrial pole and line tuna fishery
Fishery  Fact Sheet
FCWC Fisheries Reports 2020
Ghana Industrial pole and line tuna fishery
Fact Sheet Citation  
Bait boat (Hook and Line)
Owned byFisheries Committee for the West Central Gulf of Guinea (FCWC) – more>>

Overview: Also known as Tuna Pole and Line fishery. Steal-hulled vessels with size ranging from 40 to over 90m. Operators begin with fishing for live bait, usually anchovies, with purse seine nets at bait grounds (below the 30m depth). Bait is stored in bait wells, after which the boat moves to tuna fishing grounds farther and beyond the 30m in the neritic or oceanic zone to fish. Vessels may return to baiting grounds when bait wells are empty. Tuna is preserved by freezing on-board. Trip duration averagely three months. Main species exploited in this fishery are: yellowfin tuna, skipjack tuna, and bigeye tuna.

Location of Ghana Industrial pole and line tuna fishery

Geographic reference:  Ghana
Spatial Scale: National
Reference year: 2020
Approach: Fishing Activity

Fishing Activity
Fishing Gear: Handlines and hand-operated pole-and-lines
Type of production system: Industrial
Fishery Area: Ghana
Seasonality: All year

Harvested Resource
Target Species: Skipjack tuna; Blue marlin; Yellowfin tuna …  

Means of Production
Vessel Type:
Fishery Indicators
Nominal Effort: Number of vessels
Employment: Number of fishermen
Production: Catch

Fishing Activity
Type of production system: Industrial   

Fishery Area
Climatic zone: Tropical.   Depth zone: Coastal (0 m - 50 m); Shelf (50 m - 200 m).   Horizontal distribution: Neritic; Oceanic.   Vertical distribution: Pelagic.  

Surface fleet. Depth beyond 30 meters.

Geo References for: Ghana
Vessel Type

Vessel length: 60 - 65 meters. 

Catch Handling and Processing Equipment
Brine, Freezer
Flag State
Protected Species (Bycatch)
Turtles and marine mammals
All year
Ports of Tema, Takoradi, Sekondi
Trip Duration
1 - 3 months
Fisherfolks Community
Ghana, China and Korea nationals
List of fishery Indicators
Fishery Indicators
TypeMeasureValueUnitTime period
Nominal EffortNumber of vessels 14vessels2020
EmploymentNumber of fishermen 1040Persons2020
ProductionCatch 13172tonnes2019
Post Harvest
Fish Utilisation
Canned, fresh, salted, smoked
European Union, Ghana, United States of America
Management unit: Yes

Jurisdictional framework
Management Body/Authority(ies): Ministry of Fisheries and Aquacultre Development (MOFAD)
Mandate: Management.  
Area under national jurisdiction: Ghana
Maritime Area: Exclusive Economic Zone Areas (EEZ); High seas.  
Management Regime
Management Methods

Compliance measure, moratorium, Area restrictions with focus on Spawner/Juvenile protection, Environmental protection - Binding

Fisheries Laws and regulations on fishing operations such as licensing, registration, mesh sizes, etc. in place; endorcement not very strong.
  • Aquatic species-related measures
    Minimum fish size, Small size fish proportion in catch, Maximum Sustainable Yield
  • Gear-related measures
    Mesh size
  • Vessel-related measures
     Access Control : Vessel type
  • Fishing activity-related measures
    Vessel number, Closed season, Licenses
Source of Information
Information provided by the FCWC Secretariat (FCWC Regional Database) and the Ghana Ministry of Fisheries and Aquacultre Development (MOFAD). April 2021.
FAO. 2021. Report of the Fisheries and Resources Monitoring System (FIRMS) and Fishery Statistics Capacity Development Data Workshop. Virtual Workshop, 26–30 October 2020. Rome.  Click to open
Secretariats Report To The ICCAT Conservation and Management Compliance Committee. Doc. No. COC_303 / 2020  Click to open
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