Fisheries and Resources Monitoring System

Ghana Industrial bottom trawl fishery
Fishery  Fact Sheet
FCWC Fisheries Reports 2020
Ghana Industrial bottom trawl fishery
Fact Sheet Citation  
Bottom trawl
Owned byFisheries Committee for the West Central Gulf of Guinea (FCWC) – more>>

Overview: Trawlers are of steel hulls, generally over 35m in length and with engines of over 600 hp. Required to operate beyond the 30m depth. These vessels have freezing facilities on board for preserving fish. Fishing trips on the average are monthly. Species exploited are mainly cuttlefish, seabreams, groupers, snappers, soles and croakers.

Location of Ghana Industrial bottom trawl fishery

Geographic reference:  Ghana
Spatial Scale: National
Reference year: 2017
Approach: Fishing Activity

Fishing Activity
Fishing Gear: Bottom trawls (nei)
Type of production system: Industrial
Fishery Area: Ghana
Seasonality: All year

Harvested Resource
Target Species: Flat needlefish; null; Bigeye grunt …  

Means of Production
Vessel Type:  

Fishery Indicators
Nominal Effort: Number of vessels
Employment: Number of fishermen
Production: Catch

Fishing Activity
Type of production system: Industrial   

Fishery Area
Climatic zone: Tropical.   Bottom type: Hard bottom; Soft bottom.   Depth zone: Coastal (0 m - 50 m); Shelf (50 m - 200 m).   Horizontal distribution: Neritic; Oceanic.   Vertical distribution: Demersal.  

10 - 40 nautical miles from coast. Depth beyond 30 meters.

Geo References for: Ghana
Target Species

Adult & Juvenile
Vessel Type

Vessel length: 22 - 40 meters. Trawlers are of steel hulls, generally over 35m in length and with engines of over 600 hp.

Catch Handling and Processing Equipment
Flag State
Protected Species (Bycatch)
Turtles and marine mammals
All year
Ports of Tema, Takoradi, Sekondi
Trip Duration
1 month
Fisherfolks Community
Ghana and China nationals
List of fishery Indicators
Fishery Indicators
TypeMeasureValueUnitTime period
Nominal EffortNumber of vessels 74vessels2020
EmploymentNumber of fishermen 600Persons2017
ProductionCatch 67203tonnes2017
Post Harvest
Fish Utilisation
Dried, fresh, smoked
Ghana, China
Management unit: Yes

Jurisdictional framework
Management Body/Authority(ies): Ministry of Fisheries and Aquacultre Development (MOFAD)
Mandate: Management.  
Area under national jurisdiction: Ghana
Maritime Area: Exclusive Economic Zone Areas (EEZ); High seas.  
Management Regime
Management Methods

Compliance measure, Closed fishing season, Gear restrictions, Area restrictions with focus on Spawner/Juvenile protection, Environmental protection - Binding

Fisheries Laws and regulations on fishing operations such as licensing, registration, mesh sizes, etc. in place; endorcement not very strong.
  • Aquatic species-related measures
    Minimum fish size, Minimum carapace size, Small size-fish proportion in catch, Maximum Sustainable Yield
  • Gear-related measures
    Mesh size
  • Vessel-related measures
     Access Control : Vessel type
  • Fishing activity-related measures
    Vessel number, Closed season, Licenses
Source of Information
Information provided by the FCWC Secretariat (FCWC Regional Database) and the Ghana Ministry of Fisheries and Aquacultre Development (MOFAD). April 2021.
FAO. 2021. Report of the Fisheries and Resources Monitoring System (FIRMS) and Fishery Statistics Capacity Development Data Workshop. Virtual Workshop, 26–30 October 2020. Rome.  Click to open
Committee for Inland Fisheries of Africa / Comité des pêches continentales pour d'Afrique, 1987 Report of the third session of the Sub-Committee for the protection and development of the fisheries in the Sahelian Zone. Accra, Ghana, 6–9 October 1986. Report of the third session of the Sub-Committee for the Protection and Development of Fisheries in the Sahelian Zone. Accra, Ghana, October 6–9, 1986. FAO Fish.Rep./FAO Fisheries Report , (377): 27 p.  Click to open
FAO. Report of the Pre-survey Meeting to Plan the Year 2000 Survey with the R/V DR. FRIDTJOF NANSEN in the Western Gulf of Guinea (Benin, Togo, Ghana and Côte d'Ivoire). Tema, Ghana, 26 August 2000. FAO Fisheries Report/FAO Rapport sur les pêches. No. 663. Rome, FAO. 2002. 50p.  Click to open
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