Fisheries and Resources Monitoring System

Liberia Artisanal motorised encircling gillnet fishery
Fishery  Fact Sheet
FCWC Fisheries Reports 2020
Liberia Artisanal motorised encircling gillnet fishery
Fact Sheet Citation  
Motorised Canoe (Fanti) GN [FCWC] - Motorised Canoe (Fanti) GN
Owned byFisheries Committee for the West Central Gulf of Guinea (FCWC) – more>>

Overview: The small-scale fisheries are mainly largely comprised of two ethnic groups: Kru that are comprised of indigenous tribes of Liberia and have been fishing since the establishment of the country; mainly using small dug-out canoes (around 7m) with paddles or sails and a crew of 1-3 persons using multi gears (hooks, long-lines and gill nets) targeting all species, and comprising about 75% of the canoes. The Fanti (Ewe) from Ghana mostly using large plank canoes (about 12-15m) with 8–40 horse power (hp) and a crew of 3 to 20; this group of fishermen and their families livelihoods depend on the fisheries sector. This sector use passive and active gears depend on the types and methods of fishing. The gears use in the sector include ring gill nets, set gill nets , hook and lines, trapline or long lines during both the dry and rainy seasons. Some species caught by the sector include Alectis alexandrinus, Apsilus fuscus, Aridae, Brachyura, Carangidae, Chrysichthys spp, Elasmobranchii, Epinephelus spp, Ethmalosa fimbriata, Galeoides decadactylus, Lutjanus spp, Osteichthyes, Penaeidae, Polydactylus quadrifilis, Pomadasys spp, Pseudotolithus spp, Sardinella spp, Scombridae, Solea spp, Sphyraena spp, Stromateus fiatola, Thunnini, Xiphias gladius.

Location of Liberia Artisanal motorised encircling gillnet fishery

Geographic reference:  Liberia
Spatial Scale: National
Reference year: 2020
Approach: Fishing Activity

Fishing Activity
Fishing Gear: Encircling gillnets
Type of production system: Artisanal
Fishery Area: Liberia
Seasonality: Throughout the year 

Harvested Resource
Target Species: Wahoo; African pompano; Bigeye thresher …  

Protected Species:

Means of Production
Vessel Type: Multipurpose vessels nei
Fishery Indicators
Nominal Effort: Number of fishing unit
Employment: Number of fishermen
Production: Catch

Fishing Activity
Type of production system: Artisanal   

Fishery Area
Climatic zone: Tropical.   Bottom type: Soft bottom.   Horizontal distribution: Neritic.   Vertical distribution: Pelagic; Demersal.  

Up to 12 nautical miles

Geo References for: Liberia
Target Species

Juvenile, Adult
Protected Species (Bycatch)
Sea turtle
White tip sharks
Vessel Type
Multipurpose vessels nei
Fanti canoe. Vessel length: 12 - 18 meters

3 - 20
Flag State
Throughout the year 
111 landing sites
Trip Duration
1 day 
Fisherfolks Community
Ghana and Liberia nationals
List of fishery Indicators
Fishery Indicators
TypeMeasureValueUnitTime period
Nominal EffortNumber of fishing unit 286fishing units2020
EmploymentNumber of fishermen 2151Persons2020
ProductionCatch 7053.8tonnes2020
Post Harvest
Fish Utilisation
Dry, Fresh, Smoke, Salt, Frozen
Cote d'Ivore, Ghana
Management unit: Yes

Legal definition
Fisheries Regulations
Jurisdictional framework
Management Body/Authority(ies): National Fisheries and Aquaculture Authority 
Mandate: Scientific Advice; Management; Co-ordination; Control and surveillance.  
Area of Competence: Liberia
Maritime Area: National waters.  
Management Regime
Fisheries Co-Management Association, 2014 Fisheries Regulations 
Management Methods

2015 Fisheries Regulations & Co-Management Association with focus on Environment protection, Social measures - Binding

Ecosystem conservation measures, inclusion of community in fisheries management 
Source of Information
Information provided by the FCWC Secretariat (FCWC Regional Database) and the Liberia National Fisheries and Aquaculture Authority. March 2021.
FAO. 2021. Report of the Fisheries and Resources Monitoring System (FIRMS) and Fishery Statistics Capacity Development Data Workshop. Virtual Workshop, 26–30 October 2020. Rome.  Click to open
Republic of Liberia National Fisheries and Aquaculture Authority (NaFAA)  Click to open
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